Repairing raspberry Josephine - ripening and yield
All vegetables, fruits and berries, under the influence of the development of science and agriculture, receive their new varieties, which provide for yield and protection from pests and frost resistance. The new repairing raspberry variety Josephine also keeps up to date and is very promising for mass cultivation.
Description of Josephine variety
It is necessary to immediately determine the wording. In a general sense, the word "remontant" means the ability of a plant to bloom more than once and produce a crop during the season. But the term “remont raspberry” means that the seedlings are able to bear fruit in the first and second year after planting.
The new American variety, Josephine, has only been cultivated in Russia for three years. At the same time, the bushes are perfectly adapted, have excellent feedback from farmers and give a good harvest. Powerful and tall plants (up to 1.8 m) with long branches (up to 0.6 m) are simply impressive.
Important! With a good harvest, the branches literally break under the weight of the berries. Therefore, the binding of plants to trellises is mandatory.
The spines of the bushes are small, while all the thorns are located in the lower part of the stems, without interfering with harvesting and without injuring the gardener. Shoots are formed of high quality, sometimes in the direction of plant thickening.
Appearance, size and type of berries, ripening dates
Dark red round-conical berries with a small bluish coating are large and weigh about 10 g. They have well bonded small drupes. High meatiness and density provide dry and easy removal from the stalks.
Even with a large size, ripened raspberries do not sprinkle from the bush and do not rot, patiently waiting for the harvest. Also, the berries do not flow during transportation and are well tolerated. The taste of berries is dessert, very sweet, there is a slight acidity and excellent aroma. Berries ripen by the beginning of July in a warmer climate, and by mid-June in a cold.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
This new variety has not yet shown any particular vagaries - it all depends on the proper care of it.
- The positive features in the description of Josephine are as follows:
- large fruits of perfect shape;
- high productivity;
- prolonged fruiting;
- low studiness of stems;
- powerful bush with long processes;
- resistance to parasites and diseases.
- The disadvantages of this type of raspberry are few, but they are:
- the need for shading, so that the berries do not bake in the bright rays of the sun;
- the plant is still unknown to a wide circle of farmers and summer residents, there is little information about it;
- long thin shoots that often break under the weight of berries.
Did you know? The division of raspberries into varieties and their selection began only in the XVI century. Then began the cultivation of these plants by humans.
For high-quality cultivation of this new variety, you need to seriously approach the choice of planting location and the subsequent care of the plant.
Video: Raspberry Josephine
Taking into account the tendency of the bushes to thicken and form “wilds”, they are usually satisfied with independent shading, and the branches with berries under their own mass simply fall into the shade. Josephine’s things are different - her powerful bushes stretch to the sun and raspberries can be charred under its rays. To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to plant a crop in the diffused shade of trees or shade them.
When choosing a place, you must follow the general rules for raspberries - average lighting and moderate soil moisture.
There are also requirements for soil moisture - it is impossible to overmoisten the roots, since in constant sputum they can be affected by fungi or rot. Moderate watering and light breathing soil are perfect for this raspberry.
Landing and care
Planting is not the end point in plant care. After the bush has taken root, you need to look after it.
The choice of seedlings and the correct formation of beds
When planting raspberry bushes, a small trench is usually formed, which will retain water between irrigations. Such a bed will provide young plants with moisture and protect them from drying out.
When choosing seedlings, you need to pay attention to their healthy appearance. Plants with undeveloped roots, curved branches and low branching are rejected. The bush should look healthy, chunky and branched.
Watering and top dressing taking into account the maintenance and abundance of fruiting
Given the fact that the bushes grow in the recess, it is better not to part with their watering. Stagnant water or constant humidity can rot the root system. 1-2 times a week, depending on the weather - this is a normal watering schedule. You can mulch the stem area with mowed grass - this will help maintain moisture for several days.
In the case of Josephine, it is necessary to take into account her yield and ability to bear fruit the next year after planting. Therefore, in addition to the irrigation schedule, this plant needs to be well-fed. Organic fertilizers are laid in the soil during planting, and after six months are applied to the root zone.Then every spring it is necessary to help the bushes with chemistry.
Potash, nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers are applied before flowering. With these chemicals, the main thing is not to overdo it so that the berries do not take in an excessive amount of unnecessary compounds.
Did you know? The founder of Moscow, Prince Yuri Dolgoruky, created a large raspberry garden where wild animals, including bears, walked freely.
As mentioned above, thickets of raspberry bushes must be shaded so that the fruits do not burn out under the scorching sun. To some extent, these plants do this on their own, dropping flowers and berries down, hiding them under foliage. But normal fruiting is only possible in shaded places.
Agro grids with different throughputs are suitable for shading - usually 50-60% of the light. In addition, you can use both natural and artificial sources of scattering of sunlight. It can be an awning, an umbrella or a tree under which a raspberry is located.
Pest and Disease Control
Diseases and pests bypass the variety, as its selection took into account protection against fungi and parasites.Another dangerous point is excessive watering, due to which the roots can rot. To prevent this from happening, it is better to “dry” the bush a little before the next watering.
Perhaps a small invasion of aphids, which can be removed by hand and washed the stems and leaves with soap and water.
A garter for this raspberry variety is a must.. Long stems with a large number of ripening berries will not cope with the mass of the crop on their own - they will either fall on the soil or break the waters weighing berries.
A metal rod, a tree branch or special bamboo or plastic trellises are suitable for gartering a bush at several levels of height. This should be done proportionally to the height of the plant, and at the fruiting level, it is better to tie the lashes several times.
Pruning and wintering
Trimming the bushes is necessary in the pre-winter period, when the movement of juices in the stems slows down. Thickened bush shoots, old, crooked and diseased branches are removed.
Important! When pruning, there is no need to be afraid of harming raspberries - in the spring it will release young shoots and will grow with renewed vigor.
Pruning is done on half or a third of the branches with a sharp secateurs. Remote parts of the plants are taken out of the site and burned so that possible parasites or diseases do not return to the plant.
PBefore winter, raspberries are mulched with sawdust, straw or foliage. When the root zone is warm, the entire bush feels good. During snowfalls, it is possible to rake snow into the root zone - it will retain the warmth of the soil and help the culture to winter without freezing.
Harvesting and transportation
Josephine is well separated from the stalk and, given its density, is not damaged. Therefore, collecting this raspberry is very convenient and pleasant. Harvested crop is placed in wooden or plastic boxes laid with paper. You can lay 4-5 layers of berries without the threat of crushing and secretion of juice.
Transportation of berries of this variety is possible over long distances by a variety of modes of transport. But nevertheless, it is raspberry, therefore, the period of its storage, transportation and sale should not exceed 6-7 days. After this, the berry mass will have to be sorted out and rejected.
The raspberry variety Josephine is still quite experimental for Russian latitudes. But for the first time in several years of use, he earned excellent reviews. This plant can occupy a niche of repair varieties with a maximum yield.