Features of raspberry cultivation in the southern regions
Growing raspberries in different climatic conditions has its own characteristics. There are varieties more suitable for the middle zone, for Siberia and the Urals. Today in the article is an acquaintance with the best varieties of culture for the southern regions of the country.
How is remont raspberry different from ordinary raspberry
The south of Russia is characterized by mild, humid winters and hot summers with periodic droughts. Especially often, periods of drought occur in the southeast of the Rostov region. And the mountainous terrain of the Krasnodar Territory and the Kuban-Priazovskaya lowland is characterized by sharp temperature drops in winter, snowless winters or wet snow.
In such a climate, it is preferable to grow varieties that are resistant to drought, high humidity and temperature changes. Repairing varieties have similar qualities, and this is not their only advantage over ordinary varieties.
- The difference between the repair varieties from ordinary species in the following properties:
- resistance to frost;
- a more powerful root system can survive drought;
- immunity to fungal diseases;
- early fruiting on annual shoots;
- high productivity;
- the bush is quickly restored in the spring after complete pruning;
- repeated fruiting (twice a season).
The best repair varieties, features and benefits
Repairing varieties, among other advantages, are popular among gardeners of the Krasnodar Territory due to their unpretentiousness in care.
Did you know? Raspberries served «model» for still lifes of such famous artists as August Lauks, Eloise Harriet Stannard, Osias Burt, Eduard Panov.
A small compact bush up to 1.5 m tall with straight shoots. The branches are equipped with spikes, a green bark with a pink tint covers the wax coating. Foliage with a smooth surface of medium size.
The first crop is harvested in early June. Berries in the form of an elongated cone of dark crimson color. The structure of the pulp is dense, the taste is sweet and sour, the average weight is 3.5 g. The average yield is 1.5–2 kg per bush.
Even with rainy summers, the fruits are full of sugar. The variety is highly resistant to curly and gray rot. It calmly tolerates a decrease in temperature to -30 ° C.
Tall bush up to 2 m has straight spiked shoots. The leaves are dark green with veins, streaked with wrinkles. The tip of the leaf is sharp, the underside is felt to the touch, pale color.
A variety of early ripening (in June). Fruits weigh 3.8 g on average, fine-grained, maroon. Dessert sweet and sour taste complements a strong aroma, the pulp is very juicy. Ripe berries hold onto the stalk for a long time and easily move away from it upon separation. They have good shelf life up to 7 days in the refrigerator.
Medium-sized raspberries about 1.6 m, medium spread. Flexible shoots are strewn with small sharp spikes that interfere with the harvest. The plus of the variety is that it does not need a transplant; in one place, the bush successfully bears fruit for 12-14 years.
A crop of sweet and sour, fragrant, red-colored fruits is harvested in July. One bush gives up to 4 kg of berries with an average weight of 5 g. The variety is resistant to frost up to -32 ° C and prolonged drought.
The culture got its name for the bright golden color of the fruit. Their shape is a truncated cone, weight - 3 g. The delicate aroma is complemented by a sweet taste with a slight sour finish. Productivity from one plant is up to 3 kg. Raspberry Apricot is highly immune to viral and fungal diseases.
Slightly spreading, low bush has medium growth strength. There are spikes on the shoots, but they are not numerous. Leaves, unlike most varieties, without fringe.
Fruits in the form of a blunt cone, pink-red. Fruiting lasts until the first frost. From the bush, up to 2 kg of sweet and sour berries are collected with a mass of one instance of about 2 g.The pulp is juicy, achenes are tightly adjacent to each other. The crane is resistant to the main diseases of the culture.
Tall, up to 2 m, bush with slightly sprawling branches covered with a wax coating. The branches are equipped with spikes, which become smaller with age. The foliage is green, large, pubescent.
The erect bush grows to 1.5 m. Reddish shoots with a wax coating have a small number of thorns. The foliage is pubescent, slightly twisted, with a serrated edge.
Fruits with a glossy sheen of rich ruby color, average weight - 4 g. Harvested in July, up to 2 kg from the bush. Fragrant, juicy and sweet raspberries hold well on the stalk. Dense pulp does not flow during transport.
Important! The slightest shadow affects the taste of raspberries: the more sun, the more sugar in the fruits.
The early ripe variety begins to bear fruit in late May. The standard type plant reaches 1.5 m in height, but strong shoots do not need support. Despite the abundant (up to 6 kg) crop, the branches withstand its weight.
Berries are cone-shaped with a weight of up to 4.5 g, a bright dark pink color. The taste is dessert, it has more sweetness, the pulp is dense and aromatic. The variety is demanding on the structure and composition of the soil, has good immunity, and hibernates without loss at temperatures up to -25 ° C.
Shoots with a wax coating form a low, up to 1.4 m, bush. Branches with medium growth strength have spikes bent downward, located for the most part below the trunk. Their color acquires a purple hue by the end of the season. Foliage with twisted plates dotted with wrinkles, slightly pubescent, large.
The productivity of Eurasia is up to 4.5 kg per bush, the weight of one berry is up to 6.5 g. Being conical in shape, they are easily separated from the stalk and do not flow. Ripe specimens hold on branches for a long time, not crumbling. Weakly raspberry has a sweet and sour taste. This is one of the drought tolerant varieties.
A short, about 1.5 m, bush form direct shoots. Branches are strewn with short and sharp thorns. A distinctive feature of the variety that can excite a beginner in gardening is the reddening of shoots in the fall.
Large-fruited raspberries with an average weight of 8 g, from one bush collect up to 1.5 kg. Color bright red, fruit shape elongated-oval. The taste is sweet, the aroma is well defined. Fruiting is stretched to frost.
The young variety, bred in Russia, forms powerful and tall (up to 2 m) plants. Raspberries are spike, but the thorns are soft, rarely appear on the side branches. High growth requires a trellis method of cultivation. The serrated foliage is large, slightly wrinkled, pale on the underside of the leaf.
In July, densely knit scarlet drupes appear along the entire length of the fruiting shoots. The fruit weighs 7–10 g, and the yield is up to 3.5 kg per plant. Berries do not crumble, do not flow, sweet in taste, juicy, fragrant. A feature of growing the Bryansk diva is to remove 1/3 of all the ovaries, which increases the size of the ripening raspberries.
A medium-branched, sprawling, but not tall plant is formed by upright shoots. There are spikes, but thin and weak, which, according to reviews, do not create interference. Medium-sized foliage pubescent and wrinkled, slightly twisted.
Rounded fruits weigh about 4 g, painted in a delicate apricot color. Raspberries ripen in June, bringing the summer resident about 2 kg from one plant. The taste is more sour, but not hostile. Tasting score on a 5-point scale - 4.5 points.
- frost resistance;
- drought tolerance;
- high resistance to diseases.
An adult plant is slightly more than 1 m in height; there are thorns along the entire length of the branches. As it grows, the crown diameter reaches 70 cm. There is not much bright green fine foliage.
Dark red berries up to 4 cm in size and weighing up to 10 g. One plant produces an average of 4.5 kg of crop. The taste of the berries is pleasant, sweet and sour. Due to inadequate care, the berries may fall apart.
The upright shoots of Atlanta form a compact bush, up to 2 m tall. Soft spikes are located at the bottom of the branches and do not interfere with the harvest. The average size of foliage is wrinkled, with a sharp long tip. One-year branches are painted green with a reddish tint.
The berries are bright raspberry, cone-shaped, with a rounded end. The structure of the pulp is dense, juicy. Weight - 8 g, the taste is sweet, with a slight acidity.
During the fruiting period, the gardener collects 2.7–4 kg of crop from the bush. Fruits are dark ruby in color, 4-6 g in weight. They do not crumble and perfectly tolerate transportation. The taste is sweet-sour, harmonious. The variety does not require special care, has high immunity.
High, up to 1.8 m, raspberries with spike shoots, mainly in the lower part. The foliage is large, elongated, with distinct veins.
Dessert raspberry weighing 5 g with ideal care gains weight in 8 g. Red-ruby cylindrical drupes contain an increased amount of sugar. The ruby necklace does not tolerate heat well, but is highly resistant to pathogenic microorganisms and attracts little pests.
The shoots, as they grow, acquire a slightly curved shape resembling an arch. The bush grows to 1.5 m. Almost all the branches that are fruiting are strewn with thorns, but not too sharp.
A two-meter bush with a compact crown and slowly growing shoots has thorns. Spines are located along the entire length of the stems, making collection difficult. Foliage serrated, wrinkled, bright green.
Ripens in July, re-fruiting in mid-autumn.
Large-fruited, about 8 g on average, raspberries of a saturated orange tone, ripening, with a large number of sunny days, acquires a pink blush. The fruit is elongated, the pulp is dense, sweet and aromatic.
A bush up to 2 m in height with a compact crown requires support when growing. Branches are flexible, foliage of an emerald shade. It has thorns, but they are not prickly, they do not interfere with the collection of fruits. It is characterized by the rapid growth of fruit branches.
Harvest keeps on bushes for a long time, not crumbling. The firebird is drought tolerant. Cone-shaped crimson berries with a glossy sheen, average weight - 6 g. Sweet and sour raspberries, fragrant and juicy, are high in vitamin C.
Did you know? In 1981, the American John Wilson invented the Oscar Award with the sweet name Golden Raspberry. It is awarded to filmmakers for dubious achievements.
The overgrown shrub can extend up to 3.5 m, which implies the installation of a support. The branches are thick, straight, brown with a crimson hue. The foliage is large, medium-wrinkled, dark green.
Dense conical drupes weighing 10-14 g of bright red color with gloss. Fruits are sweet, fragrant, soft seeds. Maravilla is the record holder for keeping quality: it is stored in the refrigerator for about 2 weeks without loss of taste and shape.
Features of cultivation and care
Raspberries can be planted in the Kuban both in spring and in the autumn. The place should be open to the sun and, at the same time, have a screen from the winds. In the fall, the plot is cleaned of plant debris, dig up and fertilize with humus (approximately 4 kg / 1 m²).
Seedlings do not deepen much: the root neck should be level with the ground. Between several bushes maintain an interval of 1–1.5 m, between rows - 2–2.5 m, depending on the variety. After planting, the plants are watered, pouring up to 10 liters of water under the bush.
If the weather in the region is arid and hot, then watering is necessary frequent and plentiful. The soil should be moistened 40 cm in depth. This is especially important during the formation of flower buds. Water-charging irrigation is also needed after harvest, so that the plant wintes well.
Important! If the summer resident does not have the opportunity to often take care of the plant, the trunk circle should be mulled. This will retain moisture, inhibit weed growth and protect the roots from overheating.
Repairing raspberries, according to the description of the rules of its agricultural technology, do not need to be fed the whole season, just 2-3 times. In the spring, it can be any nitrogen fertilizer: urea or mullein infusion. In the period of flowering and fruiting - phosphorus-potassium complexes.
From early spring to late autumn carry out loosening of the trunk circle. Moisture must pass to the roots without obstacles, as well as oxygen, without which the normal development of plants is impossible. At the same time, weeds are removed so as not to thicken the planting.
If necessary, garters are placed on a support near the bushes trellis. The wire is pulled at a distance between rows of 25-30 cm.
After meeting with remont raspberries in the list of varieties, everyone will find those that are more to their liking. In general, they all have more advantages than disadvantages, and also undemanding care.