Features raspberry varieties Pshehiba
Large-fruited raspberries attract many gardeners not only with excellent external data, but also with the fact that it is faster to collect. Against the background of numerous existing varieties with large berries, the recently bred variety of the Polish selection Pshehiba stands out favorably. About it and will be discussed in the article.
The raspberry variety Przehyba was bred by the breeders of the Institute of Horticulture in the Polish city of Brzezna. Ethen non-permanent raspberries of early fruiting dates were obtained by crossing Lyachka with clone No. 96081. It is entered in the State registry of varieties of Poland in February 2015. The authors of this summer variety are Jan Danek and Agnieszka Ozhel. He showed himself well when grown in sheltered ground. Suitable for industrial planting. Its main feature is extraordinary large-fruited.
Did you know? Pshehiba is a mountain peak 1173 m above sea level, located in the west of the Carpathian Ridge of the Radziev. Its name literally translates as "pass".
Pshehiba raspberries form tall berry shrubs up to 2 m high and 5–7 branches with small spikes. Young shoots have a rich green color, and eventually become stiff and acquire light brown tones. This plant has a powerful root system, and the foliage is saturated green. Oval leaf plates with an elongated tip with small teeth along the edges, large, corrugated. This raspberry bears fruit on two-year-old shoots. It blooms with large white flowers in May, and the fruits ripen in late June - early July.
The berries are large in size from 7 to 14 g and are colored bright red. They have a conical shape with a blunt end, elongated up to 3-5 cm long, fleshy sweet flesh and a pleasant raspberry aroma. It is slightly less sugary than the Lyachka variety, with a harmonious combination of sweetness and sourness. In one brush, there are from 10 to 20 hard and elastic, but juicy berries with small drupes.
Raspberry Pshehiba belongs to the summer varieties and has early ripening. It is a high-yielding variety that can be grown in open and closed ground, on an industrial scale and in amateur gardens. The fruit ripening makes it suitable for mechanized harvesting.
Video: Pshehiba summer raspberry variety
From 1 ha of raspberries, you can collect 20–35 tons of large universal berries. From one well-developed biennial shoot, 1–1.4 kg of fruits are obtained. On average, the yield of a bush of raspberry varieties of Pshehiba is 2.6 kg. The fruits are well stored and tolerate transportation. The variety has high frost resistance, is resistant to drought and heat, freezing of the kidneys. It is highly resistant to common diseases of the culture, and is rarely affected by pests.
Did you know? Consuming raspberries three times a day is an excellent and tasty treatment for macular degeneration of the eyes, which is an age-related disease. So eating this berry fresh will help maintain vision in old age.
- Gardeners of the variety in question may be interested in such advantages:
- resistance to different climatic conditions - to heat and cold, open and closed ground;
- excellent presentation of large berries;
- friendly ripening;
- stable and high yields;
- good taste and pleasant smell;
- not very prickly plant;
- universality of use - the fruits are suitable for freezing, drying, preservation and are perfectly consumed fresh;
- ripened berries hang for a long time on the bush, not crumbling and not losing their qualities;
- resistance to mechanical damage;
- excellent transportability and durability (as for raspberries).
- Cons are very conditional and surmountable:
- the need for garter and trim;
- high yields require a high agricultural background and timely watering;
- not the sweetest taste;
- the variety is not yet sufficiently verified.
In order to get a good harvest of Pshehiba raspberries, it is necessary to organize proper care for it.
The choice of seedlings and a place for planting
You need to buy planting material of this variety only from trusted sellers. When purchasing seedlings, you should always look at the roots. The roots should not be dried, about 20 cm long, and have a diameter of at least 5 mm in thickness.
They should not have mechanical damage, as well as signs of disease or the presence of pests. The appearance of the seedling is fresh, the type of bark says - from the inside it should have a green color.
Important! For planting, the site on which green manure used to grow was suitable. Bad predecessors are peppers, tomatoes, potatoes. Planting in a place where raspberry was also used to be is possible only after 3-4 years.
With increased acidity of the soil, it is necessary to lime it. For this purpose, lime, chalk or dolomite flour is used. Groundwater should not be closer than 1 m to ground level.
Acquired seedlings are planted in spring or autumn. Landing area is prepared in advance. Weeds are removed from it and dug up.
Seedlings are planted by tape or bush method, keeping between 0.6–0.7 m between bushes, and 1.5 m in row spacing. A hole or a trench is planned and dug in the area. Organic matter mixed with soil and 60 g of mineral complex fertilizers are added to them, forming a small mound. For 1 seedling there is about 5 kg of humus or compost.
Water is poured into a dug hole. The seedling is placed on such a mound, carefully spreading the roots. Then it is covered with prepared nutrient soil, ramming the ground around the bush. It is recommended to mulch the area around the seedlings after planting. As a mulch, compost, humus, hay, mowed grass, peat are suitable.
The trench landing is most successful, since in this case it is easier to care for the bushes - to tie them to trellises, water, fertilize, weed and pick berries.
In the conditions of sheltered soil and with intensive growing technology, bushes are recommended to be planted with a distance between plants in a row of 0.4 m, and row spacings of 2 m.
Important! Planting can not be thickened, as the plants will obscure each other, which can lead to diseases and adversely affect the quality of the berries - they become smaller and lose their sweetness.
Watering and feeding
The frequency of watering in the warm period in the absence of rain is 1 time in 7-10 days. In severe drought, it is advisable to moisten more often - 1 time in 4-5 days. It is especially important to monitor hydration during the appearance of color and fruiting. For irrigation of the soil, it is better to use the drip irrigation method.
Mineral fertilizers and organics (compost, rotted manure and bird droppings) are used to feed this plant crop. After planting a seedling with the introduction of nutrient components, fertilizers can be applied after 2 years.
In subsequent years, it is recommended to feed according to the following scheme:
- In early April, complex fertilizers with a nitrogen content are used. Organic is good. To do this, 1/3 of the mullein, compost and chicken droppings are thrown into the barrel, and then add water until completely filled and interfere. After 2 weeks, the fertilizer is ready. The overripe mixture in the amount of 1.5 liters is placed in a bucket and water is added up to 9-10 liters. Under 1 bush, you need to pour half a bucket.
- Immediately before flowering, potassium-phosphorus fertilizers (superphosphate and potassium sulfate) are used for top dressing.
- In autumn, fertilizers containing potassium and phosphorus are also used to prepare for the winter period. You can also fertilize the soil with wood ash.
Pest and Disease Control
Pshehiba raspberry bushes are highly resistant to various diseases and pests, but in case of violation of agricultural cultivation techniques and adverse weather conditions, some diseases or pests may appear. With steady heavy rains, fungal diseases can occur that can be detected by grayish-white plaque or brown spots, as well as deformation and drying of foliage. It can be powdery mildew, anthracnose, rust and rot. To combat them, treatment with Bordeaux mixture, Fundazolum, Fitosporin will help.
To prevent the occurrence of diseases, they are also treated with these drugs after removing the shelter for the winter in spring and autumn before cold snap. There are no effective drugs against viral and bacterial diseases, therefore, when they are detected, the affected bushes are removed from the site and burned to avoid infection of neighboring bushes.Summer and dry weather contributes to the appearance of pests such as ticks, weevils, aphids, flies, caterpillars. To combat them, chemical agents such as Actellic or Karbofos are used. To prevent the appearance of such pests, which can also be carriers of viral and bacterial diseases, they are sprayed with the indicated preparations in the spring before flowering and in the fall to prepare for the winter period.
During the period of the appearance of the fruit, insecticides should not be used, since they can get into the human body together with the berry and cause great harm. Therefore, during the appearance of fruits, it is recommended to use folk remedies. For treatments using ash, garlic, soap-tobacco and onion solutions.
Preparing for the winter
So that the shoots do not freeze in the winter, they are bent to the ground before the onset of frost. This procedure is necessary so that the branches are warmed during the cold period by the heat that comes from the ground. In the southern regions, it is sufficient to mulch the soil, and if snow falls, throw more of it on the landing site.
But in areas with harsh winters, raspberries are covered with agrofiber, spruce branches or other suitable material. In the spring, such insulation is removed so that the branches and roots do not begin to chatter, and they do sanitary pruning.
Harvesting and transportation
The Pshehiba raspberry variety has early ripening berries. In the southern regions, raspberries can already be harvested in early June. In the middle climatic zone, the berries are ready for picking from the 20th of June to the beginning of July. When grown in sheltered ground (in tunnels), the crop is received after the second half of May.
The collection should be carried out in the morning (before 11.00 h) in dry weather and in the absence of dew. For longer storage and transportation, the fruits are harvested a couple of days before full maturity and do not water the raspberry bush for 2-3 days. It should be collected in a shallow container in which the berries will be transported and stored.
This high-yielding variety has a wonderful presentation, good keeping quality and tolerates transportation. Berries are suitable not only for fresh consumption, but also for processing. They make good jam, compotes, jams and jams. That is why the variety is suitable for cultivation for commercial purposes.
Did you know? Raspberry is a natural substitute for aspirin and removes heat well. This property is preserved in berries even after heat treatment. This is due to the presence of salicylic acid in it.
The summer raspberry variety Pshehiba is one of the largest. It can be grown in the courtyard and on industrial sites, including indoors.The variety is high-yielding and resistant to adverse conditions, diseases and pests. Requires a high agricultural background and proper care.
I saw this raspberry alive today. The berry is really very large and there is a lot of it on the bush. If compared with Radzieva, then Pshehiba is better on the head. Taste is good, but I would not say that it is super sweet. The taste as they say is dessert.