Raspberry tree (standard raspberry) Tarusa: basic characteristics, productivity
Stacked raspberries have become popular since 1993. The branches of this bush are located at a close distance from each other and resemble the spreading crown of a tree, therefore it is also called a raspberry tree. Features of the standard raspberry varieties of Tarusa are considered in this article.
Tarusa stem raspberries: key features
The variety was bred by Russian breeders when crossing Stolichnaya and Shtambovoy raspberries. Belongs to elite varieties. After the first ripening of the berries, pinch the top of the raspberries so that the lateral branches develop. In autumn, when the leaves fall off, the bush resembles a tree 1-2 meters high. On last year’s sprouts, a larger number of crops ripen, it is recommended to grow a variety on a site with fertile soil. With insufficient nutrition, raspberry shoots do not grow more than one meter in height. The root system of the Tarusa variety is similar to the roots of the tree, and therefore the variety is difficult to take root.
Appearance of the bush, size of berries, fruiting
It has powerful, thick, erect stems that grow from the central trunk, and the main (stem) part remains uncovered. Shoots grow up to 50 cm, on one tree there are about 10 of them. The plant does not need support. With the correct formation of a bush from a tree, two raspberry crops are harvested for the summer season.
Did you know? The raspberry flower is lowered down and has a dome shape, so the bee can collect nectar even during rain.
The description of the tree is as follows:
- has a dark green color of foliage. The leaves are embossed, with veins, heart-shaped;
- shoots of light green color with a wax coating;
- berries are large, elongated, red. Easily separated from the bush. They have a delicate, sweet and sour taste. Fragrant. Fruits - combined drupe, weight is 15-16 g;
- tall variety;
- no spikes;
- one branch forms two or three branches, on which 18–20 berries are formed.
It is grown in warm and cold regions, because it withstands frosts down to -30 ° C.
The disadvantages and advantages of the variety
- The peculiarity is that the plant has more advantages, which are as follows:
- resistance to various diseases;
- berries in a timely collection do not crumble;
- withstands transportation with ease;
- large fruits;
- high productivity;
- It does not require special care.
The variety does not need constant formation and pruning, but with careful care, watering and fertilizing, it will thank the sweet taste and size of the berries.
- The disadvantages include:
- With an excess of humidity, a small amount of sunlight, raspberries become watery.
- Fruits may warp.
- Overripe berries tend to crumble.
- Raspberry bushes (like most varieties of raspberries) are affected by aphids.
The plant in the first year gives 19-20 shoots, multiplies well, but in subsequent years the crown should be carefully cut, otherwise the plant may cover the entire area.
Many summer residents speak of raspberries as an undemanding plant, but worth taking care of. Compliance with certain conditions, such as regular watering, timely fertilizer application, soil requirements, the level of exposure to sunlight, will reward you with a generous harvest.
Video: Raspberry varieties Tarusa
Choosing a landing place
Land for planting should be fertile, since raspberries love the fertilized composition of the soil. Loamy, loose soil is also suitable for her. The soil is prepared for spring planting in the fall, and in the fall - in the middle of summer.
Important! Sandy soil depresses raspberries due to lack of moisture, which leads to a decrease in yield.
It is allowed to plant the Tarusa variety in pits and trenches.The distance between the rows should not be less than 2 meters, and between the bushes - not less than 1 m. The site for this is dug up, carefully choosing all the roots. Depth should be 40 cm, width - 60 cm.
An important indicator is the level of acidity of the soil. It should be 5.8-6.2 pH. A decrease in this indicator adversely affects the plant. To increase soil acidity, lime is added. If raspberries are planted in spring, lime is added to the soil in the fall.
It is advisable to plant a shrub in a sunny area or in partial shade. The shadow negatively affects the plant, which leads to lower yields. Raspberries have no sweetness and become sour. Shoots are stretched.
Landing and care
When planting varieties Tarus, humus is introduced - 1 bucket per pit and 1.5 buckets per meter of trench, ash 1.5 cups. When planting, six liters per bush are watered. It is advisable to plant plants in a watered hole, so survival is better. Before planting, the roots of the seedlings are incubated for two hours in a solution of root formation stimulants: “Heteroauxin”, “Kornevin”. The root neck is buried by 3 cm. After planting, the shoot is cut off, leaving 40 cm from the ground level.
If there is groundwater in the area, the plant will disappear from rotting of the roots. Shrub does not like high humidity. He needs a not very dry and not very wet area. Water should not stagnate. Watering is done in dry weather 1 time in 10 days.. This applies to the period of filling berries. Watering is carried out on the entire surface of the soil so that all roots are saturated. Loosening the soil will help reduce the amount of watering.
It is not recommended to plant in drafts, winds
Stamp raspberries are famous for their rich harvest. But in order to get it, it is worth regularly applying fertilizers to it - potassium, nitrogen. The amount of fertilizer depends on the needs.
The first time fertilizer is applied at the time of budding. Subsequent feeding is done with an interval of 14 days. Thorough watering is then necessary. Watering and top dressing is not carried out with heavy rainfall.
Contribute 350 g of wood ash per 1 m² by scattering under the bush once in the spring. Ash contains a large amount of phosphorus, which prevents the soil from decreasing acidity.
Stamp raspberries respond well to nitrogen fertilizersthat affect leaf growth, fruiting. For this, 10 g of urea, 1 kg of manure are added to 10 liters of liquid. The composition is mixed and watered 1 liter per bush. At the end of summer, only 30 g of fertilizer with potassium content and 20 g of nitrogen per 1 m² are applied.
Important! At the end of summer and autumn, fertilizers with a nitrogen content do not — it weakens the plant.
Pest and Disease Control
The raspberry tree is invaded by aphids, but has a strong immunity to fungal, bacterial diseases.Affected by parasites:
- weevil damages flowers;
- raspberry beetle eats kidneys;
- raspberry moth eats holes in the leaves.
Aphids it is easy to remove with the preparations "Actellic", "Decis". It is not recommended to apply chemicals during flowering. Before treatment, dry and affected shoots, stems are removed.
To prevent pests and prevention should be treated after 14 days with a 1% solution of Bordeaux fluid, as well as remove grass, weeds, diseased stems.
Did you know? Raspberry is an excellent assistant for depression, because its berries contain copper, which helps with this ailment.
Features pruning and wintering
The variety is not allowed to be pruned, but pruning should be done for prevention and hygiene. When the bush is formed (September, October), they are cut 30–35 cm, leaving 7 shoots. During the season, the shoots are shortened by 10–11 cm. Cut in the spring, and in the autumn dry and diseased shoots need to be cut.
A tree needs support so that it does not break under strong winds and under the weight of the crop. Tarus frost-resistant, can withstand frost up to -26 ...- 30 ° C under the cover of snow. If the snow has not fallen, and the frost has begun, you should wrap it up.
Harvesting and storage of crops, transportation
The berry ripens in mid-July. Harvesting is carried out as it ripens in dry weather. Typically, collection is carried out several times with an interval of 2-3 days. The berries are picked together with the stalk so that the juice is not allowed. The berry is tender and can crumple, so it is not recommended to pour it. From one bush, 3.5–4 kg is collected.
Harvested berries are stored for a week in the refrigerator. They can be frozen, as well as dried and stored in glass containers. The berries have a dense structure, they are easy to transport, but in this case it must be removed from the stem. Raspberries are consumed fresh, prepared jams, preserves, compotes.