How to plant remont raspberries in autumn
Repair raspberries are a young variety of berry culture. Despite this, it is one of the most common in suburban areas. Gardeners are trying to plant it early in order to soon collect large and tasty berries. In the article, we consider the features of planting such raspberries in the fall.
What is repair raspberry
Repairing raspberries are a berry-type shrub that continuously blooms and forms ovaries throughout the growing season. If last year's shoots are not removed in the spring, then in the middle of summer berries will appear on them. A common occurrence when last year's branches completely dry out - in such cases they are completely removed with the help of a pruner. Young shoots develop on plants, since such varieties of raspberries are cut close to the base by winter.
Most of the repairing raspberry varieties belong to self-pollinated crops. A distinctive feature of the repairing raspberry is its tallness when compared with an ordinary crop. Gardeners harvest the first crop at the end of June, and fruiting lasts until frost.
- If we consider the description of this type of raspberry, then we can distinguish a number of advantages:
- resistance to frost. This means that it is not necessary to warm the bushes for the winter;
- high rates of resistance to diseases and parasites;
- high productivity, since a large number of shoots are formed on the bushes (5–8 pcs.);
- resistance to rotting berries;
- long-term preservation of taste.
- Among the shortcomings are the following points:
- rarely, the last crop fully ripens before the onset of frost;
- the central shoot has a large number of sharp spikes;
- the need for regular garters.
Optimal landing times
Before determining the optimal timing of planting, the gardener must take into account the climate of his location. In the northern regions, planting varieties of raspberries are planted in spring, since winter comes early, and the first frosts occur in mid-September. The mild climate of the southern regions allows plants to be planted in open ground from March to May. Some gardeners plant this species from August to October.
There are several basic conditions that affect landing:
- Daylight hours should last at least 10 hours.
- Air temperature should be between + 12 ° С and + 18 ° С.
Important! If you want to postpone planting for several weeks, seedlings are placed under a thick layer of snow (15–25 cm), protecting the cuttings in advance with straw; can also be used as sawdust covering material. If the plants have a closed root system, they are grown in containers and begin to transplant to a permanent place in the summer.
There are several ways to plant remontant raspberries on a garden plot - each of them is characterized by its own advantages and disadvantages. The summer resident independently decides what method he should resort to.
The first thing a gardener should do is choose a quality planting material. Its root system must be developed.
During planting, one must take into account the conditions in which seedlings grew in nurseries. They deepen them in the garden by 4 cm more than it was in the nursery - the root bud must be covered.
Before planting, the ground part is cut.The optimal seedling length should be 25 cm. After planting, the bushes are abundantly watered with warm water: this is necessary so that the soil tightly envelops the roots.
Gardeners who want to expand their raspberry trees at the end of the season resort to the method of planting by root offspring. People call such parts of the bush “nettle”.
Did you know? Repair raspberries contain a high concentration of vitamin C (ascorbic acid): this has a positive effect on the state of the human immune system. Thanks to it, the body's resistance to viruses and bacteria increases.
- root offspring dig along with a pile of earth;
- make holes with a depth of 25-30 cm;
- “nettle” is placed inside;
- the material is sprinkled with earth and watered.
This method is considered the simplest and is used in the fall. In early September, adult bushes are dug up and roots with a thickness of 5 mm are taken: they need to be cut. The optimal length of the cuttings is 15 cm. Furrows appear on the formed area, inside which cuttings are placed. Planting is a chain method, planting material is deepened by 4 cm.
After powdering the soil, the bushes are watered. So that the plants do not freeze, the root part is covered with coniferous branches. When the snow falls in the spring, the needles are removed, and the garden is covered with plastic wrap. You can transplant the bushes for 4 months, until the fall.
Step-by-step instructions for planting raspberries
The requirements of remontant raspberries for lighting and soil nutrition are higher compared to the usual varieties of this crop. Before landing, you must carefully choose a seat and properly prepare the soil.
Video: Raspberry repair. Features of planting and care
The instructions for growing this type of raspberry indicate that the entire future crop depends on the quality of preparation. Also, at the preparation stage, you must decide on a suitable planting scheme.
Site selection and soil preparation
Planting repairing varieties of raspberries is necessary only in well-lit areas. Throughout daylight, sunlight should fall on the bushes: the fruiting of the plant depends on this. Choose places that are reliably protected from drafts. For this reason, landing is carried out along buildings and fences, which will create protection against windy weather.
When choosing a seat, consider in which places the snow cover has melted before. Often described plants are planted on the south side of the garden. The best option when choosing a landing site - places where tomatoes, cucumbers, eggplant or potatoes grew earlier.
Best soil quality - neutral acid loam: their optimum amount should not exceed a pH level of 6.5.
Soil preparation is carried out using the following processes:
- In the autumn period, a week before digging the garden, 50 g of potassium, 15 kg of humus and 70 g of granular superphosphate are brought into the ground. This amount of fertilizer is applied per 1 m².
- In the spring, plant the garden with vegetable crops so that they nourish the soil with the missing trace elements.
- Next spring, plant legumes in this place that will saturate the ground with green fertilizers.
- In August, dig the site along with the beans.
- In early autumn, plant remont raspberries.
There is another method of soil preparation: it consists in digging a hole 40 cm deep into which 50 g of potassium, 30 g of superphosphate and 20 kg of humus are poured. Such fertilizers must nourish the soil for at least 30 days. After the specified time, the site is dug along with the ground and pits are created with a depth of 60 cm. Inside them, planting material of repair raspberries is planted.
Important! If there is not enough light for the plants, the process of flowering and fruit formation will slow down. In some cases, crop failure is possible.
Repair raspberries appeared on the market recently, so it’s hard to say which planting scheme is more suitable for it. It all depends on the selected variety and soil nutrition. Be sure to consider the photophilia indicators of the plant. If the planting is thickened, then this will reduce the yield.
Tape (single row) landing method is quite simple. Plants are planted with beds, the distance between which is 1.5–2 m. A distance of 1 m is maintained between the bushes.
Thanks to this scheme, each plant will receive the necessary amount of sunlight and nutrition. If on the surface of a seedling a small number of shoots (within 4 pcs.), Then the distance is reduced to 70 cm.
The essence of this scheme is as follows:
- Plants are arranged in a square.
- Between the bushes maintain a distance of 1-1.2 m.
If you grow repairing raspberries in the country, then the curtain planting scheme will be the most optimal. The essence of this method is group distribution. Each curtain should consist of 3 plants. The ideal gap between them is 65 cm.
Based on the name, planting is carried out in a triangle: each side should be equal to 50 cm. Bushes are planted with a distance of 70 cm - so they will be evenly lit, increasing productivity.
Watering and fertilizer
Depending on the quality of irrigation, the productivity of the raspberry variety in question changes. Watering plants abundantly is necessary in the southern regions of the country, where the climate is hot. The amount of water should be such that the soil is wet to a depth of 40 cm.
You can adjust the amount of watering based on weather conditions. If there is enough rainfall in your area, then water the plants 2 times a week. During a drought, irrigate the soil with an interval of 2 days. Increase the amount of moisture during flowering and fruit formation. After harvesting, water the beds again so that by the next harvest the soil is loose.
Did you know? The main difference between remont raspberries is its sour taste, compared with ordinary types. However, its fruiting time is significantly higher.
Repair raspberries are highly sensitive to a lack of nitrogen substances, so it needs regular organic top dressing. They contain all the necessary level of nutrients.
It is recommended to feed raspberries with the following components:
- Fermented mullein (1 kg per 10 liters of water).
- Chicken droppings (1 kg per 20 liters of water).
Top dressing is carried out only 2 times during the growing season. The first time - at the flowering stage, the second - during the formation of the ovaries. To replenish the amount of phosphorus elements, top dressing is carried out using nitroammophoska (50 g per 10 l of water), urea (40 g per 1 m²) or potassium (30 g per 1 m²).
Further care and preparation for winter
An important stage during the preparation of remont raspberries for winter, is to mulch. This procedure protects the bushes from freezing, creating a barrier on the surface of the earth. Also, mulching with straw, coniferous branches or mowed grass will prevent the appearance of weeds. When the mulch rots, the level of humus in the soil will increase. Its optimal layer is 5 cm - make sure that there are no weed seeds in it.
Loosen the topsoil regularly, especially after watering. Otherwise, a crust will form on the surface, which will not allow beneficial substances and moisture to pass into the root system. This negatively affects the development of the bush: its growth slows down, the ovaries are reduced. In rare cases, the presence of a crust destroys the entire bush.
Since remont raspberries are tall crops, she needs timely garters. To do this, use the method of vertical or horizontal trellis.The necessity of such actions is affected by the mass of fruits, under the weight of which the shoots will break off, and the berries will fall to the ground. If you grow several crops, you need to divide them: adult shoots are tied to one trellis, and young shoots to the second.
If you follow all the rules for growing remont raspberries, then getting a high-quality and plentiful harvest is not difficult. Proper care will allow you to grow healthy plants with high productivity.