Spring care for raspberries in the country in an open area
Raspberries - one of the most popular and favorite berries in the country. It is rare to find a site where at least one raspberry bush would not grow. The plant is unpretentious, easy to care for, and if everything is done correctly, it will give a lot of delicious berries. In this article, we consider the features of raspberry care in the spring.
When to start processing raspberries in spring
To raspberries gave a good harvest, the bushes need to be taken care of. With the advent of spring, the plant requires special attention. It is believed that the processing of bushes can begin when the air temperature stably keeps at + 5 ° C (not lower). The time of the start of work depends on the region in which raspberries grow.
In outskirts of Moscow
Spring care for raspberries in the suburbs begins not earlier than at the end of March. And if the cold winter dragged on, then even in mid-April.
In the Amur Region
On Amur, the process of processing raspberries occurs in early May. This is the time when trees bloom.
In the Transbaikalia region, usually a harsh and protracted winter, so raspberry processing begins here in mid-May, not earlier.
In the Kuban
Here, the beginning of work falls in mid-March to early April: immediately after the snow has melted and the sun begins to warm well.
In the Primorsky Territory
As soon as the air temperature rises above 0 ° С, winter shelter is removed from the bushes. This process usually occurs at the end of March.
Is it possible to pour boiling water over raspberries
On the branches of plants in the garden pests can overwinter, which, waking up in the spring, begin to damage the bushes. There is a time-tested, and most importantly: absolutely harmless way to destroy them. Bushes you just need to pour boiling water over.
This method helps to get rid of not only pests, but also their eggs, larvae, as well as fungal diseases. Watering is necessary when the snow has already melted, but the buds have not yet blossomed, otherwise hot water will damage the leaves.
Important! It is necessary to process raspberries with boiling water in the spring, when insects are not too active after hibernation. In the fall, this method will not only not help get rid of pests, but also harm the plant.
Proper care for raspberries in early spring
Raspberry grows in almost every suburban area and, with proper care, delights with delicious berries. In the spring, its bushes require special attention, because the future harvest depends on it.
Shelter removal after winter
As soon as the threat of return frosts passes, raspberries can be removed from shelters and plantings opened. If the shoots were bent, secured with pins and covered with snow, then after the snow melts, the branches need to be untied and raised.
If the branches were covered with straw or polyethylene, they are opened as soon as the sun begins to warm. It is impossible to keep plants under such shelter for a long time so as not to provoke the appearance of fungi and rotting of the buds.
The future crop is largely dependent on raspberry watering. She really loves water, so you need to water the bushes quite abundantly. It is necessary to wet the soil to a depth of not less than 30 cm, so that the moisture reaches all the roots. Approximately 40 liters of water are consumed per 1 m² of plantation.
The procedure must be done constantly, adjusting depending on the weather. In sunny and hot weather, the plant requires more water, and less in rainy and cloudy weather. In spring, you can water the bushes not only under the root, but also by sprinkling.
Important! Most of all, raspberry bushes need watering during flowering and fruiting.
Spring pruning of bushes includes the removal of weevil, weak, curved branches, stems with swellings below, and it is also necessary to thin out the remaining bushes, so that each has 6-8 branches.
On good stems, in the spring, the tops are cut off by 20 cm. Thus, additional shoots appear. Branches that were frozen in the winter are cut to the first living kidney. This procedure is very important, because it prolongs the period of bearing fruit.
It is very important to properly tie the branches of raspberries. Especially if you grow varieties that bend under the weight of ripened berries. First, the columns in the middle and along the edges of the row are hammered.
A wire is pulled between them (the upper one is at a height of 100–120 cm, the lower one is 60–80 cm). Then each branch is not very tight with a soft cloth tied in two places.
With the correct garter, the bushes will be in an upright position, which will facilitate the collection of berries in the future.
Fertilizing and fertilizing
Feeding can be done in early April. But if you planted bushes in well-fertilized soil, then this procedure is carried out only in the second year of the bush.
There are two types of feeding raspberries:
- root (mandatory fertilizers at the base of the bush);
- foliar (additionally carried out if necessary according to the sheet).
In early spring, the plant is most in need of nitrogen. Thanks to it, shoots and leaves grow better. When flowering begins, you need to fertilize the bushes with potassium and phosphorus.
Important! Due to the lack of phosphorus, the berries become unsweetened.
Disease and Pest Treatment
As you know, it’s easier to prevent a problem than to deal with it, so you need to constantly prevent diseases of raspberry bushes. First of all, it is necessary to constantly ensure that the site is free from weeds and debris, because pests breed and live in them.
In addition, you should water and feed raspberries, following all the rules. In conditions of high humidity, fungi and viral infections develop. There are many drugs that prevent infection.
All preparations are diluted in accordance with the instructions and spray the garden.
During the period of budding and flowering, the following remedies for diseases are most often used:
For pest control apply:
Video: Raspberry Spring Care
Pre-planting site preparation
Further success in raspberry cultivation depends on how well the soil is prepared.
Preparing the site before planting involves several basic steps:
- They free the plantation from weeds, especially perennials. Herbicides are effective in controlling them.
- Saturate the soil with useful substances with the help of mineral fertilizers.
- Humus is introduced into the ground.
- After applying organic and mineral fertilizers, plowing is carried out to a depth of 30–35 cm.
Bushes are transplanted if they have been growing in one place for more than 10 years. At a new landing site, dig holes and prepare well-fertilized soil.
After that, they dig a bush with a part of the rhizome and the offspring, transfer it to a new place, lower it into a hole, sprinkle it with earth to the level of the root neck and water it well.
Features of summer care
Summer raspberry care includes:
- removal of yellowed leaves;
- regular watering;
- getting rid of weeds;
- digging in the garden;
- removal of shoots that appear at this time of year.
In addition, raspberries are treated with fungicide solutions during flowering.
Video: raspberry care in early summer
The specifics of autumn care
During this period, bushes are first fed, which are depleted after fruiting. Then raspberries are cut, removing the prolific shoots and thinning out the young. Before wintering, bushes are abundantly watered and covered.
Tips of experienced gardeners
If you are new to raspberry cultivation, then the advice of experienced gardeners is sure to come in handy:
- Despite the fact that raspberries tolerate frosts well, it is better to cover it for the winter.So you can provide the culture with a comfortable existence with further abundant fruiting.
- Raspberries have long shoots that need garter. This is best done with the trellis method.
- It is necessary to remove all fallen leaves, dry, damaged branches, weeds near the bushes. This will help prevent the development of diseases and the appearance of insect pests.
- Raspberries should be planted at a distance of at least 50 cm from each other, so that when the bushes grow, they do not obscure each other.
- To protect the site from disease and dampness, you can sprinkle the ground with ash or chopped charcoal.
Did you know? Raspberry leaves can be an excellent substitute for tea: they are kneaded in the hands until they secrete juice and turn black, and then dried at high temperature.
Each season of the year is special in its own way and requires appropriate actions from the gardener. Raspberries at different times of the year require proper care, especially in spring, when the plant wakes up after hibernation. Subject to all the rules for caring for the crop, you can annually harvest a crop of sweet, tasty and large berries.