Large-fruited raspberry variety Yellow giant: features of cultivation, productivity
Raspberries have long been recognized not only as a delicious beautiful berry, but also very healthy, so breeders have been working for decades to develop new species. A good example is the Yellow Giant variety, a plant with many advantages that made it very popular among gardeners.
Description of semi-permanent variety Yellow giant
The variety can no longer be called new, since it has been grown in nurseries since the beginning of the 90s of the last century. It is a successful result of the crossing of two varieties of raspberries - Maroseyka and Ivanovskaya, the development and description of which was carried out by the doctor of biological sciences, professor V.V. Kichina since 1979.
Differences from Red and Black Raspberries
Putting aside the obvious assertion that the fruits of the cultivar are distinguished by a rich, sunny color, it is worth noting that the distinguishing feature of the cultivar is its low content of coloring substances - anthocyanins, which is why it is perfect for people with allergies, pregnant women and young children who still have thorough the immune system is not established.
According to gardeners and just lovers of delicious berries, yellow raspberries are much sweeter than their other relatives, and all because it contains less organic acids and more sugar. A huge plus is the ability to enjoy a product for diabetics, whose diet has many limitations.
Did you know? Raspberries contain salicylic acid, so the berry is often used to treat colds and as an antipyretic.
Features semi-permanent varieties
Semi-remont raspberries are an intermediate link between regular and remont. Its difference lies in the particular development of fruiting stems. In the first spring after planting, shoots form on the bush, which grow by mid-summer and only their tops bloom in July. In September, the first crop can be harvested from these upper sections. In autumn, the stems are laid for wintering, and next year their lower sections begin to bear fruit. In parallel, new shoots ripen, giving a harvest at the tops.
The first ripening of fruits is observed in early July and continues until the end of August. A second crop is possible under favorable climatic conditions and proper care. The fruits appear on the bushes by the end of September, but the yield is rather low.
Appearance, characteristics of berries, ripening dates, productivity
Raspberry The yellow giant is a slightly spreading bush that has powerful, thick stems up to 2 m high. Spikes are located along the entire length of the shoots, therefore, when caring for the plant and harvesting, it is necessary to use thick gloves.
Did you know? In Russian folklore, raspberries are mentioned much more often than other berries.
Raspberries are large, juicy berries that, during ripening, change their color from light green to yellow and saturated gold at the time of harvest. The average weight of the fruit varies from 1.2 to 3 g, and under favorable conditions it can reach 7–8 g. The most large-fruited are the berries of the first crop. They have a blunt form and slight pubescence. It tastes sweet, with a honey aftertaste.
The yellow-fronted shrub is characterized by high productivity and an early ripening period, and the ripening period is quite early, as a rule, falls on the first decade of July. In one summer, 3-4 kg of berries are picked from one shrub. In September, the gardener can get another crop, but in a smaller quantity.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
When choosing a variety for planting on their site, many gardeners tend to compare the number of advantages and disadvantages of a particular crop in order to choose the best option.
- The advantages of the Yellow Giant variety include the following:
- an opportunity to receive a high average early crop from one-year and two-year shoots;
- good preservation of ripened berries on the bush until the time of collection - a good indicator for gardeners who can rarely visit their suburban area;
- good immunity against diseases and pests;
- high winter hardiness;
- excellent tastes of fruits;
- decorative shrubs, allowing them to be used as decoration of the site.
- All these advantages, of course, push to purchase this variety. However, you should familiarize yourself with the shortcomings that are also present, namely:
- poor preservation of the harvest - the berries quickly lose their attractive appearance and are practically not suitable for transportation;
- fast growth rates of root shoots - if you miss the right moment, the bush will grow magnificently, having mastered the adjacent corners of the garden territory.
Speaking of poor preservation, it should be noted that not only the Yellow Giant variety has this poor property - all types of raspberries suffer from it. During heat treatment, the berries lose their aesthetic appeal, but miraculously retain the taste and nutritional value.. If you are not going to be engaged in raspberry breeding on an industrial scale, then low transportability should not be feared.
Like any fruit and berry culture, raspberries love good care, for which they later thank their hosts for a good harvest. First of all, it is necessary to properly plant the bushes, feed the soil and take care in the autumn period to create favorable conditions for wintering.
Video: Raspberry varieties Yellow giant
For planting, choose a well-lit sunny area where raspberries will be simultaneously protected from the wind. An ideal option would be a flat terrain without a slope.
Important! It is advisable to plant raspberry bushes in rows located from north to south — so they will be lit as much as possible throughout the daylight hours.
The raspberry can suffer from increased soil moisture, so for planting choose a place where there is no upper groundwater. You can not plant bushes in a place where raspberry has previously grown - here the soil will be poor and depleted, which will lead to poor productivity. Such sites require rest, the period of which is about 5 years. It is also not recommended to plant a crop after any solanaceous plants - both of them have a tendency to disease with verticillary wilting, which means that a new planting can become infected.
Landing and care
The yellow giant can be "settled" on the site in the fall or spring, but, given that the variety begins to grow early, better work in early September. The most successful way of planting a plant is recognized as a trench. At the same time, landing pits are prepared in a month.
Landing is carried out according to the following algorithm:
- Dig a trench up to half a meter deep. The length will depend on the number of planted bushes, since the distance between them should be 70–90 cm (if there are several rows, there should be a gap of at least 1 meter between them).
- Along the edges of the trenches make a fence of slate or other sheet material, which should be dug to a depth of 10-15 cm - so the growth will not be able to grow.
- Put organic fertilizers at the bottom of the trench, filling it by a third. A set of components such as rotted manure, superphosphate and potassium sulfate is best suited for this.
- Soak the roots of seedlings in a solution of mullein.
- Sprinkle planting soil with tubercles over the entire length of the trench, place bushes, making sure that the root neck is visible above the soil.
- Cover the trench with earth and carefully pour at the rate of 3 buckets of water per seedling.
After planting, the soil should be mulched. To do this, you can use humus or peat, forming a layer of about 8-10 cm
Pest and Disease Control
One of the benefits of raspberries is its resistance to disease.. Most often, the threat is dense plantings, as well as pouring cold water. An excellent prevention is the removal of weeds, shoots, mulching and loosening of the soil cover.
If the plant is sick, you need to establish what exactly and use the appropriate drugs for treatment. The most common is anthracnose disease, which can be determined by the appearance of small purple spots on young shoots, which over time grow into large ashy areas. You can overcome the disease by spraying the bushes with 3% Bordeaux liquid. The procedure is carried out before the ripening buds, before flowering or at the end of the harvest.
The appearance of maroon spotting on the shoots suggests that raspberries suffer purple spotting. In this case, fungicide treatment after harvesting is required. You can use colloidal sulfur, diluting 40 g of the drug in 5 l of standing water.
In addition to diseases, various harmful insects, such as raspberry aphid, weevil or bud moth. As a result, the stems are affected, and the culture becomes barren. They fight pests with the help of the preparations Kemifos, Inta-Vir, Nitrafen, Fufanon, using them according to the instructions. Work is carried out before budding or after fruiting.
Important! If root rot, which is determined by redness of the root neck and wilting of the lower leaves, is affected, the plant must be removed and destroyed, and the soil should be decontaminated with ammonium nitrate (100 g per 1 m²).
Due to the bright yellow-orange color of large fruits, the raspberry yellow giant is often used by landscape designers to decorate personal plots. Thanks to the high growth, the bushes can be tied up, making out arbors, alleys or the boundaries of the site.
Yellow color has the ability to lift the area, visually expand the space. Among other things, the yellow tint can significantly raise the mood, and in combination with the green palette it can relieve sad thoughts, depression, calm the psyche
Pruning and wintering
Repairing raspberries, like ordinary raspberries, need to be cut for the winter - so the bush will survive the winter easier, be nourished with the necessary trace elements and give a good harvest. But not all shoots need to be removed. During the autumn pruning, all the stems that bore fruit from the lower section are completely removed. From the young shoots, only the upper part is cut, even if the berries that have not had time to ripen are left on it. You can’t completely cut the bush - so you lose your crop for next year.
Important! At the end of the haircut, it is imperative to clean the raspberry from all the scraps and fallen leaves, as various pests can remain in them overwinter and destroy the plant.
Though The yellow giant is recognized as a relatively frost-resistant species, yet it is better to wrap it up for the winter by building a flooring. To begin, the branches must be tilted to the ground and fixed so that they are no more than 40 cm above the ground. Coniferous branches can be laid on top and agrofibre laid.
One of the modern ways to protect shrubs is the use of spunbond - special non-woven covering material. Uncut branches of raspberries are collected in a bundle, wrapped in spanbond and tilted to the ground. On top, you can additionally lay the spruce branches.
Stacking of shoots to the ground is carried out at a time when the foliage has fallen, and the frost has not yet begun. If you are late, the branches can freeze, become fragile
Harvesting and transportation
Raspberry is a rather fragile berry, so you need to handle it carefully, removing it from the branches. Even with a slight pressure, the berries can let the juice and get damaged. Fruits should be selected exclusively fresh, without signs of spoilage, so as not to harm the entire crop. It’s best to do this in dry weather. Harvested in rainy times will quickly deteriorate.
If you intend to process the Yellow Giant crop near the planting, you can pick berries immediately without a stalk. In the case when transportation of the crop is necessary, it is better to remove the berries together with the stem and remove it immediately before cooking or eating - such a collection will leave more chances that the fruits will be safely preserved during the move.
No less important - what to collect raspberries, so that it retains its aesthetic appeal. As a container, you need to choose a wide container with low sides - so you will not have to lay the berry in many layers, and it will not choke under its own weight. The best option is wicker baskets, the capacity of which does not exceed 2 liters. The advantage of such containers is also that there are ventilation openings that protect the crop from the greenhouse effect.
Raspberry varieties The yellow giant is an excellent choice for those who want to enjoy a heavy crop of healthy berries without spending a lot of time and effort. Providing the culture with the most necessary conditions, you will receive in gratitude juicy fruits that can not only be eaten in its original form, but also boil a variety of jams, preserves, compotes, and freeze without fear for loss of food quality.
Network user reviews
I love yellow raspberries, it is sweeter than red, because it has less acid and is very beautiful, sunny. SmileThis variety made me happy with a good harvest in the summer and even a handful of berries in September. I bought it in a pot in the nursery store "Gardens of the Moscow Region" last summer in the summer . Wintered well, without shelter, did not bend even the branches (Moscow Region). The bush grew above 1, 5 meters, trunks with small spikes. The berries are beautiful, large and remarkably tasty. Fruiting is extended until the end of July, ripe berries do not crumble for a long time. And at the end of August the tops of the shoots picked up buds and although all the berries, of course, do not have time to ripen, unfortunately, but we ate a little bit of yellow raspberry in September. Smile low transportability, but it is important, it seems to me, for industrial production. I liked this variety very much, I advise you to pay attention.