Worktop: pros and cons of raspberry varieties, taste, care rules
Raspberry Stoleshnik has stable yield indicators and is unpretentious in leaving, therefore many gardeners are engaged in its cultivation. The characteristics and description of the variety, the technology of planting and care of the bush are described below.
The variety was selected at the Moscow Institute of Horticulture in 1992. The raspberry bush, called Stoleshnik, was produced by an experienced botanist-breeder V.V. Kichin.
Did you know? According to nerds, raspberries are not berries, but multi-seedlings, consisting of many small fruits that have grown together.
Description, characteristics, features
The bush is compact, erect, reaches a height of up to 2 m. A feature of raspberry worktop is the absence of spikes on the shoots and trunk. Branches are strong, thickened, they can have up to 4 branching orders. Leaf plates of medium size, dark green in color, their surface is hilly, edges are torn.
The berry is large, red, its conical shape, slightly extended to the base. The pulp has a dense but delicate structure. The taste is sugar, sugary and sweet. Weight is 8 g.
Advantages and disadvantages
- Among the positive qualities of this variety can be distinguished:
- lack of thorns;
- high winter hardiness;
- berries are not baked in the sun;
- has immunity to major viral diseases and certain fungal infections;
- good fruit transportability.
The disadvantage is the high susceptibility to verticillic wilting and purple spotting.
Frost resistance, drought resistance
The raspberry bush tolerates frosts up to -30 ° C, which allows it to be grown throughout Ukraine and Belarus, as well as in the central region of Russia and the Moscow region. Drought tolerance of this species is high - the plant does not fade and the fruits do not bake even at + 35 ° C.
Fruiting and Yield
The variety is mid-early, begins to bear fruit in early July. Harvest completion dates are usually in early August, i.e. active cleaning for about 4-5 weeks.
During the ripening period, you can collect up to 5 kg of berries from one bush. Productive fruiting of this species begins with the 3rd year of development of the bush, so the first harvest can be much less.
In order to grow raspberry, which will consistently bring a crop, you should correctly choose a site for planting, as well as choose high-quality seedlings. About how long to plant a crop, as well as a description of the planting scheme, read below.
Important! So that the plant is not exposed to drafts, planting is carried out near the hedge or near the outbuildings.
The plant is planted in open ground in the spring, when the air temperature warms up to a mark of + 15 ° C. Such plantings quickly take root and are stored up with the right amount of nutrients before winter. Landing in the fall is also possible from mid-September to mid-October. The main thing is to have time to finish planting work at least 3 weeks before frosts.
Choosing the right place
The place should be moderately lit, it’s best to choose the area where a shadow forms after dinner.
The depth of groundwater should be at least 1.5 m, so that there is no risk of flooding of the rhizome. The most suitable soil for cultivating raspberries is loamy or sandy loam.
Selection and preparation of planting material
Seedlings should be purchased only in a specialized nursery so that there is no risk of taking wild subspecies that are not related to this variety. The choice must be made carefully, always paying attention to the external characteristics of the plant. It should be healthy, without rotten patches, mold. The root system is at least 20 cm long.The roots should be elastic, resilient. On each stalk, 3 buds are required.
A plot for planting seedlings is prepared 6 months before the procedure. Dig up the soil with fertilizer from 10 kg of manure and 50 g of superphosphate per m², the procedure is carried out to a depth of 30-40 cm. Then the terrain is leveled.When landing, you must observe the following scheme: 50 cm between the bushes and 1.5 m between the rows.
The technology of planting a seedling in the soil:
- Dig a hole 50 cm deep and 60 cm wide.
- The excavated earth must be mixed with 10 kg of sand, 10 kg of humus.
- Sea stones are placed at the bottom of the hole to create a drainage system.
- Further, until the middle of the pit, the prepared substrate is covered with soil, sand and fertilizer.
- Sapling is introduced into the hole, carefully spreading the roots along the embankment from the ground.
- To top up to fill up soil and to densely compact.
- Water the plant with 5 liters of water.
- Mulch the soil with peat.
Video: Raspberry planting in spring
Caring for raspberries is easy. Watering is carried out as needed, An excellent scheme for applying water 1 time per week to 10 liters per bush.After watering and rain it is necessary to weed raspberries so that the moisture can evaporate and not stagnate in the rhizome. Once a month, the bushes are mulched with sawdust - this will eliminate the weed grass.
In spring, the plant is cut to 20 cm. In autumn, this procedure is carried out more extensively, because it is necessary to cut out all 2-year-old shoots, remove damaged and dry branches. If necessary, trellises can be built for bushes to support plants and facilitate harvesting. Wooden pegs are driven along the perimeter of the row, which should be 2 m in height, a distance of 1.5 m is observed between them. A wire is attached to the columns, to which raspberries are then tied.
Harvesting and storage
The fruits are harvested in dry weather, the best thing is the morning hours, after the dew has melted. Berries are placed in wicker baskets that are lined with paper.
For long-term storage, the collected fruits are placed in a refrigerator at a temperature of + 4 ° C and relative humidity of 70%. Thus, you can keep the crop for 5 days. At a temperature of + 20 ° C, storage is only allowed for 24 hours.
Preparation for the winter period is to thoroughly clean the site. The area is cleared of weed grass, fallen leaves.
Important! If raspberries are mulched, you need to remove the topsoil so that in winter it does not become a place of settlement of field mice.
Raspberries can be propagated in several ways:
The method of propagation by seeds is very laborious. First you need to select the best berries and grind them on paper to separate the bones. The resulting seeds are sown in a container with wet sand, they are kept at a temperature of + 20 ° C. In this case, the substrate must be moistened. After the seeds give sprouts, forming 3 leaves, the plants are transplanted into larger pots.
Cuttings for propagation are prepared in the fall. To do this, cut branches of 15 cm in length and 3 cm in diameter, and placed in wet sand for 4 months. With the onset of spring, cuttings need to be planted in open ground. Until the fall, the branches form strong rhizomes and will be suitable for transplanting to a permanent place.
Diseases and Pests
The bush is most susceptible to diseases such as verticillosis and purple spotting. Verticillosis is a dangerous fungal disease, the infection of which occurs as a result of traumatizing the plant or pruning with untreated tools. First, the disease begins to affect the lower part of the culture, completely drying the leaves and tops of the shoots, and then it affects the remaining parts of the plant. Brown color.
Fight against verticillosis:
- Use of processed tools for crop care.
- Avoid the proximity of raspberry bushes with potatoes and tomatoes.
- At the first stages of the disease, the drug “Topsin-M” (10 g per 10 l of water) can be used.
Purple spotting appears as brown spots on the leaves, which in diameter reach up to 4 mm. Over time, they dry out and voids form in their place. The plant begins to lose leaf plates, and its development stops.
Fighting Purple Spotting:
- Spraying with 1% Bordeaux liquid (100 g per 10 liters of water).
- Removing damaged areas on a shrub.
Did you know? In Russia, the very first raspberry was planted by order of Yuri Dolgoruky. The garden was so large that wild animals were found in it.
The most dangerous pests for raspberries A worktop is an aphid and a raspberry tick.
Aphid - a small insect that has a body length of 4 mm; its color is green or black. The pest eats the juice of leaves and stems, which leads to their withering and shedding. The presence of aphids on a plant is immediately noticeable on leaf plates twisted into tubules, on the surface of which a sticky coating forms.
- Manual removal of damaged areas on a plant.
- Harvesting weed grass near the bush.
- Spraying with a soap-ash solution, which is made from: 300 g of laundry soap, 200 g of wood ash and 10 l of warm water. The spraying procedure is carried out 3 days in the morning.
- Use of the drug "Karbofos" (5 ml per 10 l of water).
Raspberry tick reaches a length of 0.4 mm. Due to the microscopic size of the pest, it is not visible on the plant; its presence can be determined by the presence of small cobwebs on the leaf plates. Individuals winter in the dry remains of plants, and with the advent of spring, females lay larvae, which, like adult insects, feed on the juice of the bush.
Raspberry Mite Fight:
- Spraying with copper sulfate (100 g per 10 liters of water). Irrigation is carried out with the onset of spring thaw, and then repeated after 14 days.
- Use of the drug "Karbofos" (5 ml per 10 l of water).
Prevention of diseases and pests in raspberries:
- thorough cleaning of the site from the remains of vegetation and garbage;
- uprooting old stumps;
- weeding soil near plants;
- timely pruning of shoots;
- irrigation with 1% Bordeaux liquid (100 g per 10 liters of water) in mid-April 3 times with an interval of 10 days.
The raspberry bush variety The tabletop is excellent for cultivation in regions with a temperate and warm climate. For a long time he was fond of gardeners for their unpretentiousness in care and stable indicators of growth and productivity.
Author: prof., Doctor of Agricultural Sciences Kichina VV Short description: Raspberry variety Stoleshnik - High-productive, non-bearing raspberry variety (20 t / ha), characterized by winter hardiness (-30 C), resistance to major pests and diseases. The berries are large and very large - 4-8 g., And up to 14 g. Stupidly conical with a beautiful shiny surface, one-dimensional small drupes, well interconnected. Dense berries are transportable. The taste is sweet, dessert type. The variety is medium early, suitable for fresh consumption and processing. Bushes are straight-growing, well developed, compressed type.
This is an excerpt from the “official description.” I have been growing this raspberry for about 6 years. It was purchased with Patricia, Augustine, the Bolshoi Karetny and other varieties. In the very first winter after planting, most of the planted plant died. Only one of Augustine’s seedlings remained, B. Karetny and two plants, out of three, Stoleshik. And all four seedlings of Patricia did not survive that winter. I want to confirm the frost resistance of this variety. In the future, there were no problems with freezing. I can’t cover it with winter and other raspberries. this warm autumn, she also proved to be "remont"