Early standard raspberry Tale: characteristics, productivity, agricultural technology
In recent years, standardized berry crops have gained popularity. Variety Tale - the newest representative of tree raspberries, has already managed to attract the attention of gardeners as a promising variety with high productivity indicators. The article provides a description of the characteristic features of plants of this species, agricultural technology of their cultivation, reproduction and subtleties of care.
Tale - a seedling of the Tarusa variety. The culture belongs to the standard (tree-like) varieties of raspberries, therefore it is also called the "raspberry tree".
Features of Raspberries
Raspberry tree is endowed with strong and thickened shoots that allow cultivating it without auxiliary support and trellis. With proper care and formation, a two-year-old plant begins to resemble a tree. The berry bush is capable of reaching 2 meters in height. At the same time, minimal pruning is required, and a ripening crop does not bend the branches to the soil.
Stamp raspberries are one of the areas of large-fruited berries. Due to the dense structure, the fruits are not prone to shedding during ripening. Another feature of the standard plant is a high level of productivity. Gardeners have the opportunity to get a plentiful berry crop with a minimum planting area.
Tree species are also characterized by early maturity (in the second year after planting, you can pick berries). A fairy tale is not a repairing variety, but it has an extended fruiting period (the tree bears fruit from early July to September). Raspberry tree Fairy tale powerful, tall. The older the plant, the more leafy it becomes.
Did you know? In 1893, Swiss scientists succeeded, by crossing black and scarlet raspberries, to obtain a purple fruit. However, long before this, by natural pollination, such a berry «was born» in North America, due to the fact that both varieties grew nearby.
At the same time, shoots have a slight thickening. They are powerful, thick, do not flatten up. At least 4 lateral shoots forming fruit branches are formed on each stem. There are no thorns on the branches. The main trunk is bare, so the plant resembles a tree. Corrugated sheet plates, glossy, intense green color. The rhizome of the Tale resembles the root system of an ordinary tree.
The Tale bush is able to tolerate frost at -23 ...- 25 ° C, but with a prolonged decrease in temperature to -30 ° C the tree can die. This makes it impossible to grow in areas with frosty winters. In such conditions, additional shelter is required, which is difficult to organize due to stiff shoots that do not bend well to the ground.
Size and type of berries, productivity
The tree bears large fruits (weighing up to 15 g), which have a beautiful presentation and dense structure. The berries are formed juicy and sweet, have a pronounced berry aroma.
The fruits are colored in red. The shape of the berries is conical, the surface is strewn with small bones. Productivity is high - from 1 adult tree you can collect 5-7 kg (up to 10 kg) of fruits.
Did you know? According to botanists, raspberries are not berries, but multi-seedlings, since they are composed of many fruits with seeds grown together.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- According to gardeners, the advantages of raspberries Tale are:
- early maturity;
- high yields;
- large size berries;
- excellent tasting characteristics of the fruit;
- excellent drought tolerance;
- high resistance to diseases affecting raspberries;
- high transportability of fruits;
- no need to tie up shoots;
- Convenience in terms of placement on the site (due to compactness) and in care (due to the absence of spikes).
- The variety has also disadvantages:
- average frost resistance;
- the need for regular fertilizer application.
A disadvantage is also that in the process of growing raspberry tree can not do without pruning.
To obtain a high-quality and plentiful crop of a new raspberry variety, it is necessary to select a good-quality seedling, prepare a place and, finally, competently conduct the bush planting itself.
Choosing a place to land
Successful planting of tree raspberries is guaranteed by a site protected from the winds, well lit by the sun's rays. So that the bushes do not get sick, the soil under the raspberry should be with weak or neutral acidity.
The introduction of lime or dolomite flour helps to reduce this figure. Also make sure that there are no ground water near the landing site. The roots of raspberry bushes negatively respond to excess moisture, they get wet and rot.
Selection of seedlings
Also pay attention to the foliage. Spots of gray, orange or brown on the leaf blades indicate that the seedling is sick.
The rhizome should be strong, not broken, without signs of decay, from 15 cm in length. Try not to buy seedlings by the road.
Give preference to specialized outlets so as not to make a mistake when choosing the right variety. In the market, be sure to ask the seller for documents confirming the grade of the seedling.
Landing and care
Land for planting raspberries Tale should be dug up in advance to a depth of 30 cm and freed from weeds.
- Form recesses 50 × 50 cm, with a distance between them of at least 1 m and a minimum distance between rows of 1.7 m.
- Fill the bottom of the hole with rotted manure and superphosphate, sprinkle with fertile soil on top.
- Carefully spreading the roots, place the seedlings in the holes. Top up the root system with earth and lightly tamp. The transition zone of the root to the stem should be at ground level.
- Pour at least 5 liters of water under each seedling. As soon as the water is absorbed, fill the formed recesses with a 10-cm layer of mulch (straw, hay, sawdust, moss or husk of seeds will do).
The stamp is one of the most convenient forms of care. Immediately after planting and until the first sprouts appear, daily watering is required. In the future, 1 bucket of water under the plant is enough.
Important! It is better to take water for irrigation that is well-maintained. Cold water from a well can cause stress in the plant and the death of the root system.
For active growth and fruiting in the fall, garden crops are fertilized with rotted manure (3-4 buckets per plant). Manure can be replaced with peat and urea. In July, when the period of fruit ripening begins, organic matter or mineral fertilizers are introduced. Avoid nitrogen-containing products, they provoke active growth of excess growth.
Pest and Disease Control
Despite the immunity of the variety presented to most ailments that affect raspberries, in the spring, the bushes are treated with Bordeaux mixture as a preventive measure. Before blooming, a two-time treatment with a 3% solution is carried out with an interval of 2 weeks, and in May - 1% composition.
There are attacks of raspberry beetle, raspberry-strawberry weevil and others. Actellik or its analogues will help get rid of them. During the flowering of raspberries, only biological products are used.
A threat to plant life is a stem fly. From time to time it is necessary to inspect the stems for swelling. If they are found, immediately cut the affected parts of the bush and burn.The larvae of this parasite can overwinter in the upper soil layer; to prevent infection, all fallen leaves must be collected and burned.
Variety Tale is difficult to breed. Propagation is hampered by the fact that the variety of shoots of substitution is significantly less than the usual varieties of raspberries.
The procedure can be carried out by the following methods:
- root cuttings;
- shoots (green cuttings);
- root offspring.
Did you know? For the first time, people discovered raspberry bushes in Greek Crete. The Romans became the pioneers, and this happened back in the III century. BC e.
Pruning and wintering
To achieve the appearance of a tree, the first pruning is done in the fall. The shoot planted in the spring should be shortened by 10-15 cm. The lateral branches and the entire shoot are cut out. By the spring, a lot of side shoots will grow, and as a result a tree crown will form.
In July, unnecessary prolific shoots should be cut to the ground. In September, it is necessary to carry out molding pruning of the bush, leaving 5-6 shoots. Saved branches are shortened by 10–15 cm. In autumn, cut two-year-old and all unnecessary shoots, leaving the 5–7 strongest.
For wintering in areas where in winter the temperature does not drop below -25 ° C, a raspberry tree needs a good layer of snow. In colder climates, bushes need to be covered. Since the powerful shoots of the Fairy Tale cannot be bent and pinned to the ground, several tops need to be tied and wrapped with non-woven material.
Harvesting and storage
Harvest Tales need to be collected as they mature, that is, every 2 days. Otherwise, overripe raspberries will crumble from the tree and will be taken during transportation. Also it is important to take the fruit with the sepals. Dense fruits that hold tightly on the stalks are easy to transport and are distinguished by good keeping quality. They remain elastic for a long time. So that the collected berries are not damaged and do not let the juice, it is advisable not to shake them and not pour from one container to another.
Important! Raspberries should not be removed from the bushes after dew or rain, as wet berries will not be stored.
Following the above recommendations, even an inexperienced gardener can get a rich harvest of delicious aromatic raspberries from a popular tree variety. In addition, tall raspberry bushes can decorate any site or garden.