Compatibility raspberries with other plants, with which you can not plant
Raspberry is a popular cultivated plant that, with proper care, will delight the gardener with a delicious and plentiful berry crop. However, the well-being of the crop depends not only on the correctness of the organization of care, because even at the stage of planting a seedling, it is important to choose the most favorable place for the bush with the most suitable neighbors. What crops raspberries can be adjacent to and which plants next to it should be avoided - read on.
Raspberry: properties, growth features
Common raspberries are found in almost any part of the Russian Federation. This deciduous shrub has a perennial rhizome, from which two-year-old aboveground stems appear, reaching a meter and a half height. The root system is sinuous, woody, with a large number of subordinate roots, which form a branched system.
All stems are erect, with oval, alternately arranged leaf plates of dark green color and a slight pubescence on the surface. During flowering, the shrub is decorated with small white flowers collected in racemose inflorescences, located mainly on the top of the stems or in the axils of the leaves.STRUCTURE OF THE ROSPBAR BUSH AND SEPARATE PLANT ORGANS: 1 - offspring; 2 - subordinate roots; 3 - kidneys on the rhizome and root; 4 - escape substitution; 5 - fruit bearing stem; 6 - rhizome; 7 - fouling roots; 8- side branch; 9 - a bud; 10 - a flower; 11-knot; 12 - internode; 13 - sheet; 14 - the main kidney; 15 - additional kidney; 16 - core; 17 - wood; 18 - bark; 19 - spikes; 20 - covering scales; 21 - germinal leaves; 22 - germinal inflorescence; 23 - axillary kidney
When it comes to the use of raspberries, you can use almost any part of it.
- And the fruits, and leaves, and the shoots themselves have a lot of useful properties, the main ones of which are the following:
- antitoxic effect;
- antipyretic effect;
- antibacterial and antifungal effects, which is especially true in the presence of staphylococci and other similar fungi in the body;
- diaphoretic effect;
- normalization of the condition with hypertension, gastrointestinal diseases, anemia.
Often decoctions and infusions from the plant are used as an expectorant for laryngitis, tracheitis, bronchitis and ordinary viral ailments. Sometimes a culture is used as a sedative for nervous disorders and depression. In this case, its effectiveness is explained by the presence of a large amount of copper in the composition.
Why you can not plant some plants nearby
Compliance with crop rotation requirements on the site ensures high yields for each of them, not to mention the reduction in the likelihood of plant damage by diseases and pests. Based on this, when growing raspberries, it is worth considering the proximity of the placement of desirable, undesirable and neutral neighboring plants.
Did you know? According to legends, the first raspberry garden in Russia appeared thanks to the efforts of the founder of Moscow, Yuri Dolgoruky. According to the legend, the new garden was so large that wild animals, in particular bears, could freely move around it.
The most suitable neighbor for the described culture is deservedly considered an apple tree. It not only does not harm the bush, but also contributes to its development, protecting it from infection and the further spread of gray rot. Raspberry, in turn, protects the fruit tree from scab.
No less dill beds located next to raspberry plantations will also be useful. Such greens attract pollinating insects to raspberries, thereby increasing crop yields. For the same purpose, you can plant garden flowers (asters, peonies) around the raspberry, as well as crops used as aromatic spices: garlic, basil, coriander.
Neighborhood of raspberries is also possible with plums, pears, mountain ash, and honeysuckle, although one should not exclude the possibility of placing bushes near tomatoes and ornamental flower bushes: roses, barberries and junipers. Mint, pumpkin, bush beans, cabbage, gooseberries, and sage are also considered "neutral". Such flowers as lilies, snapdragon, lilac, calendula will not interfere with raspberries, though they will not be able to help the culture.
Important! Near the neutral neighbors, raspberry bushes should be planted only in those cases when the free areas near the "positive" are already over. Otherwise, it makes sense to contribute to the maximum growth and development of raspberry bushes.
The bad neighbors will be strawberries and raspberries planted next to each other, which mutually oppress each other. They have common pests and can be affected by the same diseases, not to mention the root system of crops located at the same level, which will compete for nutrients and moisture in the soil.
Cherry has a similar negative effect on raspberry bushes. It inhibits plants by its presence, thereby reducing the productivity of the bush and reducing the time of its active fruiting.
That absolutely can not be planted close to raspberries
Extremely raspberries, jasmine, sea buckthorn, and any kind of grape, which leads to dehydration of the shrub plant and, as a result, to crushing berries, with the loss of their characteristic sweetness. Garden flowers are less aggressive with raspberries, but some of them also inhibit the growth of the bush. First of all, it concerns nasturtium, iris and host, and elderberry is terrible from the bushes of berry culture.
Measures against the growth of raspberry "jungle"
Given the tendency of raspberry rhizomes to grow rapidly over the site, over time, gardeners have to deal with the problem of excessive growth of raspberry shrubs, limiting it by all means. Typically, the spread of culture in the garden is observed in a southerly direction, which means that from this side of the garden it is recommended to dig in the slate sheets, deepening them to the depth of growth of the rhizome.
A simpler and safer way to protect raspberry plantings will be to plant along the perimeter of the plants holding back the bushes. The leader in this regard is sorrel, which contains a large supply of various acids, in particular at the level of the rhizome. They, getting into the soil, inhibit the growth of many other plants.
Important! In order not to destroy the plants by accidental trauma of the rhizome, when digging in slate from the extreme bush, it is worth retreating at least 1 m.
Why can’t you delete a metal button?
Metlitsa is another great way to limit the growth of raspberry bushes.. This weed grows deep into the soil and eventually forms a dense path between rows of raspberry plantations. It not only limits the growth of bushes, but also contributes to the good preservation of moisture in the soil, which is especially important for hygrophilous raspberries on hot summer days. Therefore, if the metal plate does not drown out other cultures growing nearby, then it is not worth getting rid of it.
Corn, grapes and sea buckthorn: a characteristic of each "neighbor"
Like the previous plant, corn can inhibit raspberry plantings from over-spreadingwithout causing serious harm to existing bushes. The only thing that can damage the cereal culture in this case is to close raspberries from the sun, which will negatively affect the size and taste of the future berry crop.
Neighborhood with grapes and sea buckthorn - more undesirable for raspberries, since the rhizome of all three plants is at approximately the same level and will compete for nutrients and moisture in the soil. Since sea buckthorn is stronger in development, it is likely that all the bushes of the latter will begin to lag behind in growth and will soon completely wither away.
Can I plant onions and carrots next to raspberries
Onions and carrots are good neighborsTherefore, in open soil they are often planted nearby. Do not worry if the beds with plantings are near the raspberry. He has nothing to do with them, which means that the bushes will not suffer from diseases or pests of vegetables. On the contrary, a sharp carrot or onion flavor helps scare away insect pests and shrubs, so raspberries will be very useful.
Did you know? When choosing a site for placing raspberries, it is worth giving preference to places located near apiaries. Bees collecting raspberry nectar from flowers can increase crop productivity by 60–100%.
Plants that scare away pests
Raspberry belongs to those plants that often suffer from the invasion of insect pests, so the gardener will have to make every effort to protect the future crop. A radical solution to the problem is the use of insecticidal chemicals, but if you need environmentally friendly berries, then it is worth exploring the issue of beneficial crop compatibility in this regard.
It is best to plant raspberry bushes next to fragrant plants that can scare away the pest.. For example, they will grow well next to a red elderberry, the smell of berries of which is well perceptible in a radius of several meters from the plantings. Also proved to be quite good marigolds, garlic, fern, coriander and celery, often found not only near raspberries, but also near blackberries or strawberries.
Plants that are compatible with each other mutually support each other during the entire period of growth and development, therefore, if you have not planted raspberries on your site, the issue of competent neighborhood should be given increased attention. In combination with responsible further care, this action will help to achieve maximum productivity and protect you from unnecessary problems.