Raspberry Hat Monomakh: pros and cons of the variety, rules of care
Repairing raspberry varieties differ from ordinary ones in the ability to bear fruit 2 times a year. Today, among gardeners, a varietal variety of berries called the Monomakh Hat is gaining more and more popularity, as it is considered one of the most promising. The article is devoted to a detailed review of raspberries of this species, as well as the nuances regarding the proper planting and cultivation of shrubs.
History of selection of varieties of remont raspberries
There is practically no detailed data on the cultivation of the variety, it is only known that the type of berry was created in the Bryansk region (Russia) by breeder I.V. Kazakov.
In appearance, the Monomakh Hat resembles a small tree more than a bush: sometimes it is called a raspberry tree. Shrub is characterized by strong branched branches (usually no more than 5 pcs.), Reaching a height of 1.5 m. Shoots with bright green medium-sized leaves, slightly drooping.
Great beautiful fruits of bright red-ruby color give special value to the variety. Elongated berries have a blunt shape. The pulp has a dense and elastic structure, it is easy to separate from the stem. The taste is sweet with a pleasant acidity. The fruits are suitable for fresh consumption, cooking compotes and preserves, as an additive in pies, dumplings and desserts.
Important! The size of raspberry fruit depends on watering: if the plant needs additional moisture, the crop will consist of small berries. So that they increase in volume during the development process, it is worthwhile to establish a soil moisture regime favorable for the plant.
Advantages and disadvantages
- Positive features of the variety:
- long (double) fruiting period, rich harvest;
- high resistance to low temperatures;
- good level of storage and transportation of dense berries;
- large fruit sizes, pleasant taste.
- Cons Monomakh Caps:
- low degree and quality of ripening in the case of cool summers;
- low sugar content and wateriness of berries with a lack of sunlight;
- sensitivity to indicators of soil acidity;
- later second fruiting (in comparison with other repairing varieties of raspberries);
- the inability to harvest the second crop in full due to rains and adverse weather conditions in case of late fruiting;
- low immunity to diseases.
Drought resistance, frost resistance
The Monomakh hat is not drought-resistant, it does not tolerate heat and lack of moisture. The variety is able to tolerate a decrease in temperature to -25 ° C.
Did you know? Raspberry flowers are directed downward: rainfall is not a hindrance for bees to collect nectar from such a plant.
Productivity and fruiting
Raspberries of this variety bear fruit only on the shoots of the current year, and in addition, berries can ripen even on a cut shoot. It is pollinated only by insects, so if the bush is grown in greenhouse conditions, it is necessary to open the room during the flowering of other plants.
In a normal growing environment, berries reach a weight of 6.5-7 g, but in some cases, experienced gardeners get huge fruits the size of a plum tree and weighing up to 20 g. With such volumes, it is possible to collect about 8 kg of a selected seasonal crop from one tree-like bush. The average yield level under normal growing conditions reaches 5 kg per bush.
Video: Raspberry varieties Hat Monomakh
In order for the plant to take root, it is necessary to observe some conditions for the preparation and planting of raspberries of this variety.
Seedlings are to be planted both in spring and autumn.If you decide to plant a plant in spring, it is advisable to do this in March (before the beginning of intensive vegetation), but in the fall - then in September-October (at the end of this process). In any case, it is better to choose a warm sunny day so that the cuttings take root faster. There should be no precipitation on this day.
Choosing the right place
Planting varieties of remont raspberries must be carried out only on well-lit, protected from northerly winds, territory, and only on the south side. The latter criterion is important in terms of faster snow melting and better summer heat storage. A slight shading can adversely affect the ripening of the berries, as well as the quantity and quality of the crop. It is better to choose elevated or even sections of the garden as a place for planting, but not low.
The required level of soil acidity is neutral or slightly acidic. The acidity can be reduced by liming.. In addition to lime, you can use wood ash or dolomite flour. The soil must be well warmed up before planting, and the groundwater level should be no closer than 1.5 m to the surface of the earth. The distance between the plant and the fence (or building) must be at least 1 m.
Raspberries cannot be the forerunner of a culture, whatever the variety. The fact is that the previous similar shrub could so deplete the soil that all diseases and pests of the previous species will be transferred to the Monomakh Hat. It would be better if earlier cereals and legumes, mustard or oats were grown on a potential raspberry planting site.
Did you know? Swiss researchers in the XIX century. received purple raspberry fruits as a result of crossing black and red species.
Selection and preparation of planting material
When choosing a raspberry seedling, first of all, it is worth looking at the root system. It should be well formed, without deviations and damage, as branched as possible. The roots are covered with a damp cloth or the seedling is placed in a pot by sellers to prevent them from drying out. If such conditions are not met, or the plant is sold in a package, it is better to refuse to buy such planting material - in the latter case, there is a risk of root decay.
The thickness of a normal seedling is approximately the same as the diameter of a pencil, and its length is from 0.5 to 1 m. Several shoots are acceptable, but a fully formed bush is unlikely to take root in a new area for it.
Before planting, it is necessary to place the seedling roots in water for an hour, and if there is a great time gap between the purchase of planting material and the planting of raspberries, it is advisable to trick the plant for some time after the acquisition
Planting of the variety in question does not differ from the procedure with other varieties of the plant. Stages:
- Before forming holes, clean the area of debris, plant debris, cut branches of neighboring plants.
- Then dig the soil in the territory on the bayonet of a shovel, thereby removing weeds and saturating the soil with oxygen.
- Before planting, make sure that the length of the shoots does not exceed 40 cm: if more, the shoots must be cut to the desired length.
- Remove all the foliage from the seedling (if one is present) so that the plant puts all its strength into the root system.
- Each well before the implementation of the planting process must be fed with humus, peat or manure and the mandatory mixing of fertilizers with soil.
- If it often rains in your area, or the soil does not have good drainage qualities, make a hole 10 cm deeper and lay out expanded clay, crushed stone or pebbles. This is followed by adding 5 cm of soil to the drainage system and spreading as a top dressing with the calculation for 1 m² of the following elements: wood ash - 500 g, humus - 15 g, fertilizers based on potassium - 50 g, double superphosphate - 200 g.These fertilizers are neatly mixed.
- The bushes are placed centrally on the pyramidal earth embankment in the pits 30–50 cm deep, long and wide. The distance between the bushes should be no less than 1 m: the plants should be well ventilated, thus, they will be less susceptible to disease damage.
- In order to better take root, the roots can be pre-moistened with a solution of clay and water.
- The roots are sprinkled with earth in such an amount that the root neck is above the soil. In this case, the soil is carefully tamped so that air cavities do not form.
- After planting the bushes, each pour 1 bucket of water.
- Top off the roots around the roots with a nutritious consistency of humus and peat.
In order to achieve safe and active plant growth, as well as a plentiful and high-quality crop, it is necessary to adhere to some conditions:
- watering compliance (in hot and dry weather - daily), to prevent drying of the root part, especially at the time of ripening of fruits - this variety almost instantly responds to lack of moisture in the form of reduced berries; at the same time, do not over-moisten the substrate before the onset of the growing season, since there is a risk of infection of the plant with fungal diseases;
- removal of excess ovaries, conservation of no more than 5 plants per 1 m²;
- cutting off all shoots for the winter at the end of the harvest "to zero" (to the surface of the soil) - thus, the diseased and useless branches that can serve as carriers of diseases are removed;
- spring pruning - before or immediately after budding;
- bed powder at the end of the process of any pruning with humus and wood ash;
- hilling and loosening of soil: The root system, placed in the ground, must be provided with free access of oxygen. To do this, it is necessary to loosen the soil after each watering, but it should be done very carefully, in no way touching the roots;
- spring clearing of snow, covering overwintered raspberry bushes with a film in order to more quickly warm the soil.
The variety responds equally well to fertilizer with both organic and mineral fertilizing. Seasonal feeding should include 3 approaches: in the spring, in the summertime (when it blooms) and after harvesting. As the first feeding, it is better to use mullein or chicken droppings (in a lower concentration), the second - nitrogen fertilizers (2 tbsp. Per 10 liters of water), the third - potassium-phosphorus mixtures (50 g each under a bush).
Support - this is what any raspberry variety needs to avoid thickening the area and death under its own weight. To do this, it is necessary to dig iron rods 2 m high at each planted bush, along which to pull a wire and tie up the plant. All raspberry bushes should grow directly vertically, and not at an acute angle.
Harvesting and storage
Harvesting raspberries is not difficult, since there are few hard spikes on the bushes, and they are mainly on the bottom of the shoots. The first fruits are harvested in July from the shoots of the current year, the next wave of fruiting occurs in August, and the berries are picked from young shoots.
However, few gardeners use this kind of scheme: more often the Monomakh Hat is planted to get a late, cleaner and higher-quality crop, since with the onset of autumn there are practically no pests in the garden. Thus, berries from the bushes are harvested in the second half of August. During the specified period of time, the bulk of the berries ripen, and gardeners manage to get about 60% of the crop.
According to its characteristics, it is a rather frost-resistant raspberry variety, and with full pruning of the shoots for the winter, the plant can not be covered, but hemp should be sprinkled with peat or humus.
Important! Do not be afraid to prune raspberry bushes in the autumn season: the variety differs in the fruiting of only young shoots that have formed during the current growing season.The plant will tolerate the winter easier, and in the spring will release new shoots.
Otherwise, when severe winter weather conditions occur, the shoots of the plant bend to the ground, pin and cover with spruce branches, and then with snow. It is important to ensure that the ice crust does not form.
Overgrowth near the bush of the Caps of Monomakh is insignificant: for this reason, the most common method of propagation of the variety is cuttings. At the end of spring, several young shoots must be trimmed. It is advisable to do this when they reach a height of 4-5 cm. Cropped cuttings are subject to instant planting in pre-watered soil. After the shoots take root, they can be transplanted to a permanent place of cultivation.
Important! Experienced gardeners advise planting raspberries in the fall: at this time, the culture gives a large number of cuttings suitable for propagation.
The planted root system of raspberries is removed from the soil in late autumn, and the roots are cut into individual cuttings about 15 cm long. It is better to store the cuttings in dark cold conditions, for example, in the basement, and make sure that parts of the plant do not dry out. Upon the arrival of spring, they are moved to boxes with peat and wet sand, then sprinkled with the same mixture. When parts of the plant reach a length of 3 cm, they can be separated from the root system and planted in the soil.
Diseases and Pests
Sorry, Monomakh Hat has a high susceptibility to damage by fungal diseases and viruses. If spotting appears on the leaves, they curl and fade, so it's time to use fungicides to fight the fungus.
Also, the variety is able to become the target of attack by pests such as aphid, caterpillar, spider mite. To avoid such troubles, it is necessary to carry out preventive spraying of the plant with insecticide solutions (for example, "Karate", "Arrivo"). Bushy dwarfism, which is not treated, leads to shedding of fruits, tarnishing and yellowing of leaves.
Timely removal of diseased and dry shoots, proper care, pruning and top dressing will help to avoid unpleasant consequences and grow healthy and tasty berries in your area.