Raspberry remontant August Miracle: characteristics, features of cultivation
Repair raspberries are successfully grown in central Russia. This was due to the fact that fruitful varieties with early fruiting periods that managed to ripen before the onset of cold weather were bred. These include a variety of domestic selection August Miracle.
History of breeding of a repairing variety
The August Miracle variety was selected at the Kokinsky stronghold, operating on the basis of the Bryansk State Agricultural Academy. It is one of the high-yielding large-fruited varieties of remont raspberry bred by the famous domestic breeder, academician Kazakov Ivan Vasilievich, and the plant is excellent for growing in central Russia.
Did you know? For the work on the cultivation of new repairing raspberry varieties that yield a sweet berry crop from late July to the frost, I. V. Kazakov was awarded the gold medal to them. I.V. Michurina.
The variety forms compact, medium-spreading shrubs, 1-1.8 m high, with dark green leaves. Fruiting occurs on the upper half of the prickly low branches. This is a repairing variety, the feature of which is the ability to bear fruit 2 times per season. The second fruiting begins in the first half of August, for which the variety got its name.
Large berries of conical shape have a weight of 6-8 g, red color and a pleasant raspberry aroma, sweet taste. Fruiting is stretched, and ripened fruits can stay on shrubs for a long time without losing their qualities. They have universal application, are suitable for freezing, drying, various blanks and fresh consumption, well tolerate transportation. The variety has high frost resistance and is resistant to fungal diseases.
Advantages and disadvantages
- From a detailed description of a berry plant - raspberries, the August miracle may interest gardeners the following qualities:
- early fruiting on annual shoots;
- large, tasty fruits;
- transportability of berries;
- tolerates winters;
- ease of reproduction;
- not affected by diseases and pests.
- There are very few drawbacks:
- the presence of spikes;
- forms a lot of growth.
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Drought resistance, frost resistance
The undoubted advantage is that the variety has excellent ductility and adapts well to different conditions. Due to its high frost resistance (up to -29 ° С) and early fruiting, this remont raspberry is grown in the Urals and Siberia. But in these parts it should be covered for the winter with a layer of mulch, and pruning should be done in the spring.
Since this variety, like any raspberry, has roots on the surface, its drought tolerance is low. Drought crops require regular watering.
Video: Raspberry varieties August Miracle
Productivity and fruiting
This is a high-yielding variety, giving from the bush up to 4-6 kg of fruit. Ripening occurs in two waves - in the middle of summer and in the second decade of August. It can bear fruit on annual shoots, like all repair varieties. Fruiting - long, before the onset of frost. To ensure an abundant formation of the future crop, all branches are cut at the beginning of autumn.
Planting remontant raspberries of the Augustow miracle variety is not much different from planting ordinary raspberries.
In the northern regions, raspberries should be planted in the spring, before the buds open, so that by the beginning of winter the plant will take root and take root well. In the middle lane and in the south, it is permissible to plant seedlings in the fall, after the leaves have fallen, but no later than a month before the onset of frost. Plants with a closed root system can also be planted in the summer, but proper seedlings should be properly managed - shaded from the hot sun and watered to prevent the soil from drying out.
Video: Features of planting and care of remont raspberries
Choosing the right place
Raspberries varieties Augustow miracle planted in a well-lit area. Lowlands with an accumulation of cold air and precipitation, the proximity of groundwater should be avoided. The latter should be no closer than one meter to the surface of the earth.
Important! It is better not to plant raspberry bushes next to or after the blackberry. Bad predecessors for raspberries are solanaceous crops.
Raspberry prefers loose fertile soils with a neutral or slightly acidic reaction (from 5.8 pH to 6.7 pH). Too acidic soils should be liming. It is recommended to apply humus, potash and phosphorus fertilizers to the place of planting in advance or to plant a potential raspberry with green manure.
Raspberries can be “returned” to the same place no earlier than three years later
Selection and preparation of planting material
It should be noted that you need to buy seedlings from well-established sellers or in specialized nurseries. When buying, you need to carefully inspect the root system. It must be sufficiently developed and have a length of about 20 cm, and the root section is at least 5 mm.
There should be no damage or signs of rot or other diseases on the roots. If you cut a kidney near the planting material, it should not be dried. To make sure that the seedling is fresh, the bark will help - the inner layer should have a green color.
24 hours before planting, the root system of planting material is placed in a solution with the addition of a growth stimulant - for better root formation
The landing process is as follows:
- Pits 0.4 × 0.4 m in size are dug. An interval of 0.6–0.8 m is observed between them. A distance of 1.5 m is maintained between the rows.
- A mound of nutrient soil is poured into the hole, on top of which a prepared seedling is placed.
- The roots are carefully straightened and covered with soil, leaving a basal neck at ground level.
- The soil around the bush is well tamped.
- Watering is carried out (at the rate of 3 liters of water for each bush).
Planted seedlings recommend to mulch immediately
In order for raspberries to please with a large number of large berries, it is necessary to organize proper care for it. A variety of remontant raspberries The August miracle needs to be watered well. The earth should be saturated with moisture for 0.3-0.4 m. During the warm planting period, they are watered once every 7 days. In hot and dry weather, the amount of watering is increased - 2 times a week.
Important! Loosening the bushes should be shallow and careful, being careful not to damage the root system, which is located close to the surface.
Be sure to ensure that the soil does not dry out. It is especially important to control the degree of soil moisture during flowering and fruiting. For watering, do not use cold water. Watering is recommended in the morning or in the evening.
It is recommended to mulch the soil around the bushes. As mulch, you can use humus, compost, peat or mowed grass
Raspberries are a plant crop that drains the soil very much, so fertilizers must be used. If enough nutrients were introduced when planting seedlings, then you need to fertilize the land only after two years. After this time, nutrients are added annually using organics (rotted mullein or chicken droppings) and mineral fertilizers.
Did you know? It's not for nothing that raspberries are called a berry of beauty. Its ingestion slows down the aging of the body and favorably affects the condition of the skin. In the fragrant berry there is a substance tyliroside, which protects the skin from sunlight.
Top dressing should be done 3 times per season:
- In early spring, complex fertilizers containing nitrogen are used. Fertilizers of organic origin are well suited. You can prepare a solution of mullein with a concentration of 1:10.
- At the initial stage of the appearance of color, fertilizers containing potassium and phosphorus are applied. For this, superphosphate, potassium sulfate is used. To obtain a large number of ovaries, foliar top dressing is carried out with a solution of boron (0.5 g of substance is used for 2 l).
- In the fall, before the cold snap, to prepare for the winter, they again apply potash and phosphorus fertilizers. To feed the soil, wood ash can be used during this period.
When growing remont raspberries, pruning is of great importance.. In autumn, before the onset of cold weather, the bushes are cut to the root. This procedure helps to obtain a large number of berries for the next year and prevents the appearance of pests that can easily survive the cold in the raspberry bush.
In spring, young healthy shoots will appear. With this pruning, a plentiful crop will be on annual shoots in August. If pruning is not carried out in autumn, then in the spring, all branches that are dry and affected by diseases or pests must be removed.
The branches remaining for the winter help the plant better tolerate wintering, so it is recommended to cut raspberries in the northern regions in spring. The procedure is carried out during the period of active vegetation of the kidneys, so that it is easier to identify diseased and healthy shoots. 12-15 strong branches are left on one square meter of raspberry. Excess shoots are removed to prevent planting from being thickened. Such pruning allows you to get 2 waves of the crop, but he, in general, will not be higher.
Consider the main methods of propagation of raspberries August miracle:
- Root cuttings. In autumn, they dig up raspberry root and divide it into fragments about 8-10 cm long. Then they are planted in trenches, covered with soil and well watered. When the shoots grow and get stronger, they are seated in a permanent place.
- Root processes. After four years of vegetation, shoots from the roots appear in the bushes. When they reach 10 cm, they are carefully separated and planted on the prepared site.
- Horizontal shoots. The method is used when the bush grows, young shoots are formed. In the fall, such a process is bent to the ground and covered with soil from above, leaving a couple of buds above the ground. In spring, an independent seedling is formed, which is dug up and transplanted to a permanent place.
Diseases and Pests
Raspberry The August Miracle has high resistance to various diseases and pests, but fungal diseases may appear in rainy weather and high humidity. In this case, appears on the bushes grayish plaque and brownish spots. Leaflets begin to deform and die. To protect against such diseases, treatment with Bordeaux liquid, fungicidal preparations such as Oxychom, Fitosporin, Fundazole is used.
Important! During the flowering period and the appearance of berries, insecticides have limitations in use, since they can adversely affect human health.
In dry and hot summer weather, raspberries can be affected by ticks, weevils, aphids, flies, caterpillars and other pests.. In this case, chemicals like “Actellic” or “Karbofos” come to the rescue. Spraying with drugs in order to prevent the appearance of pests is carried out in the spring, before the appearance of color, and in the fall - before the onset of cold weather.
Processing ash, garlic, tobacco and onion infusions helps well.It should be noted that the main prevention of the emergence of diseases and pests is compliance with the agrotechnics of growing this plant crop
This variety tolerates frosts well. If dry weather is established in the fall, then it is necessary to prepare abundant watering in preparation for the winter. To protect the planting from the cold, it is enough to prune and mulch the soil with a layer of 8-10 cm. Cut branches should be burned.
Harvesting and storage
This variety can bear fruit twice a season. The first crop is harvested in mid-summer, and the second - from August until the onset of the first frost. For collection choose dry weather. Berries are easily separated from the bush. It is better to immediately collect them in containers in which they will be stored and not wash the fruits before use.
Important! Raspberries should only be stored in dry containers. In the refrigerator, the berry can be stored for up to 7 days, but it is better to use it earlier.
For longer storage, it is frozen, dried or ground with sugar. Berries are great for processing - making jam, stewed fruit, confiture, jams.
Variety of remont raspberries The August Miracle is frost-resistant and resistant to many diseases and pests. It is grown not only in the middle lane, but also in Siberia and the Urals. It multiplies well, but to get good yields, the plant needs proper care, which consists of regular watering, top dressing and pruning.
Network user reviews
It begins to bear fruit in July in the heat, but the berry crumbles at high temperatures. With a decrease in temperature, the berry ceases to crumble. The taste is great. Fruits until December, but gradually the berry becomes watery with a further decrease in temperature. I do not like that the variety has a lot of overgrown.