Features of Herityage Raspberry
Heritage repair raspberries became famous at the end of the 20th century. The gardeners liked the variety so much that it is still widely used for cultivation. Delicious berries are ideal for those who like to preserve or freeze fruits, as well as prepare homemade jellies and jams.
Heritage (Heritage) - a variety of red raspberries, bred by breeders at Cornell University in 1969 in America. It was produced by hybridization (crossbreeding) varieties Milton, Kutberg and Durham. The American Society for Horticultural Sciences, the Heritage variety of remontant raspberries, was named an outstanding fruit variety in 2004.
Description and characteristics of the variety
A strong and productive plant, can give a double harvest. An excellent self-pollinated variety for a home gardener with fruiting from August to October frosts. The shrub grows in height from 1.2 to 2 m. Lateral growths have small spikes, the distance between which is average.
The shoots are erect, strong, so they can withstand the heaviness of the fruits. Trellis can be used to further support the shoots. The variety is characterized by the secondary formation of new shoots. Inflorescences are located in the upper third part of the shoots. The leaves of a dark green color, have an oblong shape, are pointed to the edge.
Important! Healthy roots in raspberry seedlings should be whitish and strong.
Dense berries have a uniform caliber and not a large drupe. The mass of berries is from 3.2 to 3.8 g. They are bright raspberry color. The taste of berries is sweet, with a slightly pronounced sourness. When removed, the berries remain dry, do not deform. They are good for jam and freezing, as well as for fresh consumption.
Drought resistance, frost resistance
The heat resistance and drought tolerance of the variety is below average. In hot weather and drought requires watering at least every other day. Sometimes you have to water daily. The grade is autumn, cold-resistant. It withstands frost up to -30 ° C with good shelter. At winters up to -20 ° С Heritej does not need shelter.
In mid-August, the ripening process begins in the fruits of remontant raspberries. Fruits the variety until the second decade of October. A distinctive feature of the variety is that, with good care, up to 5 kg of berries can be removed from 1 bush.
Did you know? There are many varieties of raspberries and the color of the berries can also be different: red, purple, yellow or black. Yellow — the sweetest and most delicious.
Fields of application
For people who grow raspberries for commercial purposes, the trustworthy Herityage variety never fails, gives good yields, and tolerates transportation well.
Heritage Raspberry Repairing Grade is suitable for:
- fresh use;
- for the preparation of compotes, jam, jelly;
- for freezing.
Disease and pest resistance
No matter how breeders tried to achieve high resistance to diseases and pests of the Heritej variety, pests attack juicy fruits, delicate leaves and strong stems.
From whom it is worth preserving raspberry bushes:
- from raspberry beetle - harms the stem and leaves;
- from aphids - eats leaf juice;
- from stem gall midge - eats juice under the bark of shoots;
- from raspberry - feeds on the juicy part of the stems.
- Rust - May disease, leads to the drying of the stems and their fragility.
- Spotting - leads to drying and falling of leaves. Later, the stems can also dry.
- Chlorosis - the virus spreading to the shoots, due to the disease, the berries dry up to the moment of ripening.
- Anthracnose - affects the leaves.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- Heritage repair grade is characterized by its advantages, which include:
- high productivity;
- the possibility of harvesting 2 times a year;
- palatability 4.5 according to a 5-point system;
- in extreme heat, the berry “does not burn”;
- good portability of transportation;
- good resistance to pests and diseases;
- the ability to grow on industrial sites.
- By cons include:
- mandatory preventive treatment in rainy weather;
- regular watering, weeding and mulching in hot weather;
- small size and weight of berries;
- exactingness to the place of landing and soil.
Heritage raspberries should be planted away from wild berries, otherwise there will be a risk of the spread of pests and diseases in the raspberry.
Varieties of remont raspberries are most often planted in the fall by residents of warm regions. It is necessary to calculate the planting time so that the raspberry bush takes root before the frost. In the spring - residents carry out landing, where winter comes early. This must be done before budding.
Choosing a place and seedlings
The landing site must be sunny so that the performance is good. Wet, windy places for planting should be avoided, because raspberries do not like to stand in water. Drying the plant with a strong wind will negatively affect the yield and taste of the berries. To grow raspberries, you need rich and well-drained soil, neutral or slightly acidic, with a pH of 6.5 to 5.5.
By purchasing Heriteage raspberry seedlings in a specialized store or nursery, you can guarantee that the purchase will correspond to the declared variety. It is better to buy biennial plants, you can not pay attention to the size of the trunk.
Important! If the plant grows in partial shade, the crop will be scarce, and the berries will be sour.
You should carefully examine the seedling for the presence and number of shoots. There should be two of them. The thickness of each growth should be about 1 cm. In a healthy seedling, the central root process should be at least 15 cm in length and have multiple branches.
Preparing planting material
Before planting raspberry bushes, you need to prepare the soil. Enrich with a 10-centimeter layer of compost (from peat moss, chopped waste from lemon trees, needles and oak leaves) or seasoned manure a couple of weeks before planting.
Raspberry will respond well to the application of phosphoric fertilizers - 65 g per 1 m² and potassium sulfate - 40 g per 1 m² to the soil before planting. The site must be loosened and periodically weed out.
Heritage raspberry seedlings are sometimes sold in pots. With this purchase option, you will only need to immerse the plant in water for a couple of hours. After this, you need to hold the root of the seedling in the clay mash.
Did you know? There are more than 200 species of raspberries, but only a few species are grown commercially.
- dig a 40 × 40 cm wide enough hole to spread the roots. When planting several seedlings, it is recommended to maintain a distance between rows of about 150 cm, and between holes 70 cm;
- when planting a seedling, you need to pay attention to the root neck rising above the soil surface level of about 4 cm. Then fill it with a layer of loose soil;
- trample on top of the soil, making a side;
- water each bush with about three buckets of water;
- shoots need to be cut so that their length remains about 30 cm;
- after shrinkage of the soil, make additional soil backfill.
Any plant requires regular maintenance. To get a decent crop, you must perform the necessary manipulations:
- Water in a timely manner. This remont raspberry variety loves moist soil.
- Trim unwanted shoots in time.
- Tie up the shrub if necessary.
- Feeding the ground.
- Carry out preventive measures to combat harmful insects and diseases.
- Mulch the perinar circle.
- Preparing shelters for the winter time.
Preparing for the winter
In the first half of October, they begin to prepare the soil in raspberries for winter. It should be dug between the rows to a depth of 15 cm or well loosened.
According to gardeners, raspberry shoots left for a double crop are bent to the ground before the winter season, tied into a bundle, and then fixed with metal or wooden clamps, or tied to wire. It is pulled at a level of 35 cm from the surface of the soil.
For shelter use roofing material, film or spanbond. If raspberries are grown to take 1 crop, then after pruning, mulch material is poured onto the bush: a 10-centimeter layer of humus, sawdust or peat mix. Neither straw nor foliage are suitable for shelter, t. This is a good home for rodents.
Harvesting and storage
Heritage raspberries begin to ripen in August. They hold well on shrubs and do not crumble until early October.
Store raspberry crop:
- fresh up to 2 weeks in the refrigerator at t +1 ... + 4 ° С;
- in frozen or dried form;
- in cooked form: compotes, jam, jams.
Important! Ensure good air circulation in the soil when growing raspberries.
According to gardeners, the Heritage raspberry variety is rightly considered a win-win option not only for those who grow it for their own needs, but also for commercial purposes.