Drying raspberries at home: methods, application, contraindications
The sweet taste, fragrant aroma and incredible benefits of summer berries - raspberries - have always attracted not only children but also adults. And if your freezer for raspberry preparations for the winter is small, drying will help to preserve the healing properties of berries.
Dried raspberries: composition, useful properties
Cultivated since the XVI – XVII centuries. previously wild plant is now in almost every garden plot. The incredibly rich in useful elements chemical composition of the fruits of the bush allows the use of raspberries not only for culinary purposes, but also in traditional medicine and cosmetology.
100 g of dry raspberries contain:
- 4.2 g of protein;
- 2.6 g fat;
- 43.4 g of carbohydrates.
The energy value of the same mass is 241 kcal. This calorie level is represented by a high content of carbohydrates (sucrose, glucose, fructose)
Dry berries also include phytosterols, pectin and tannins, essential oils and the following acids:
|Vitamin Composition:||Micro and macro elements:|
|Vitamin B Group||cobalt|
|a nicotinic acid||magnesium|
The tops of the shoots, leaves and flowers of the plant also have useful qualities.
- Dried particles have the following positive effects on the body:
- increase immunity;
- strengthening the walls of blood vessels;
- prevention of pathologies in the formation of the skeletal system;
- improvement of metabolic processes in the body;
- removal of toxins and toxins;
- activation of enzymes;
- stimulation of the absorption of beneficial elements;
- improvement of the heart system;
- treatment of failures in the gastrointestinal tract.
Dry raspberries are recommended for the following violations:
- fever, fever, SARS;
- anemia, fragility of blood vessels;
- drowsiness, loss of strength, vitamin deficiency;
- inflammation of the respiratory system and digestive system, vomiting;
- skin damage, acne.
How to dry: cooking technology
Because of its simplicity and reliability, such a method of harvesting raspberries as drying raw materials is considered the most popular. Dried berries, flowers and leaves of the plant retain the healing properties of the culture for several years.
Did you know? A bath with raspberry leaves is useful in the presence of female diseases, and fresh berries help with alcohol intoxication sober up faster.
Preparation for the process
The collection of raspberries for subsequent drying begins as the fruits ripen. Harvest must be harvested every day, because the berries can overripe, become soft, wrinkled and lose juice. It’s even better to pluck slightly unripe or just ripened fruits, carefully separating them from the stalks and folding them into a shallow and small plastic bowl, container or basket. Harvesting must be carried out in the presence of dry weather conditions. It is undesirable to do this in the morning or in the evening, the best time is sunny noon.
Raspberries to be dried do not wash or soak in water to prevent moisture from picking berries. Buy raspberries for drying should also be in dry weather.
It is recommended to dry the collected raspberries immediately, but if the berries were transported, it is recommended to sort them immediately after transportation, as well as immediately before drying. At the same time, it is necessary to throw away spoiled and even slightly crushed berries, which fall into the total mass of leaves, stalks, shoots and garbage.
Drying of fruits, leaves and flowers at home is carried out according to the principle of one of several methods: artificial, natural air, a combination of the first two. Natural drying can be done in the sun even without special devices in the form of an oven or drying equipment. Let us consider in more detail each of these methods.
In the sun
To dry the berries in the open air under the sun, raspberries are sprinkled with a thin layer on a fine-mesh surface lined with clean and thick paper or a cotton cloth. For maximum effective and uniform drying, the fruit should be regularly turned over.
Open natural drying lasts from 5 days to a week
In this case, dust and moisture, including morning dew, as well as insects, on the berries are not allowed. In the fight against dusty sediments and pests, thin gauze will help, which the fruits cover. If the weather is rainy, raspberries should be hidden, and at night they should be brought into a dry room so that it is not saturated with atmospheric moisture.
Important! Trays with raspberries for drying can not be placed in direct sunlight, otherwise the berries will lose most of the vitamins.
There is another, more complex, but quicker way of sun-drying raspberries. To do this, it is necessary to string the berries on a string, observing a small distance between them. Thanks to good ventilation at once from all sides, raspberries dry faster and better.
Video: Drying berries at the sun
In the oven
In order to dry raspberry fruits in the oven, you need to lay them in the same layer on a baking sheet with parchment for baking and set the temperature to no more than +60 ... + 65 ° C. In this case, it is worth controlling the process in order to avoid drying out and burning of berries: periodically mix them and reduce the degree to + 40 ° C, and then increase to the initial level.
It takes about 6–8 hours until the raspberries are fully cooked in the oven, but every hour you should open the oven door 3-5 times for 5 minutes
In the electric dryer
A wonderful device for accelerating such a workpiece for the winter is an electric dryer. Thanks to the adjustable temperature and air circulation in the device, you can get healthy dried berries much faster.
Did you know? Among criminals, raspberries are called raspberry stash. According to one version, this is a distorted Hebrew translation of the word melina - “shelter, bunker”.
The drying chambers are equipped with special trays designed for drying, where the mass of berries is placed. Between them it is necessary to ensure the presence of a small space. The optimum temperature at which the electric dryer should work in this case is not more than +30 ... + 50 ° C.
Periodic mixing of raspberries (every 50-60 minutes) contributes to its uniform drying. The average time for preparing a workpiece in an electrical appliance is approximately 3-4 hours. It is easier to dry in several sets by turning off the dryer and cooling the berries..
Video: Drying raspberries in a dryer
In the microwave
For drying in a microwave oven, just unripe berries are more suitable, so that in the process under pressure of temperature they will not creep out. You can lay raspberries right on the oven tray or plate, but be sure to cover with a cloth. On top of the berries should also be covered.
The required drying conditions in the microwave are 200 watts, time 3-5 minutes. At the same time, it is necessary to periodically stop the operation of the oven and check the berries for readiness or initially set less time, gradually increasing it. This will avoid drying out and burning the workpiece.
However, before using such a dryer, it must be thoroughly washed and soaked in water for several hours in order to clean it from the secretions of the microwave oven
The combination of natural and artificial drying methods consists in pre-drying the berries in the sun for a couple of days.For further cooking, the berries are transferred to the chambers of the electric dryer with an set timer and a temperature of no more than + 60 ° C. Basically, this method is used when the weather is unstable.
For the purpose of harvesting, leaves and young shoots of plants, as well as flowers, can be taken for future use. The shoots and leaves of the crop are collected in spring or June, before flowering begins. It is during this period that the plant directs all its forces to the development of the green part.
It is preferable to take bright, undamaged green plates located near the top of the bush.. For appropriate drying, any part of the plant should not have any damage or disease.
Video: Harvesting raspberry leaves for tea
The mass of these parts of the shrub is also laid out evenly with a thin layer. The surface should be clean, and the pallet should be placed in a dry, well-ventilated room with room temperature. In a couple of days, the raw materials will be ready.
Did you know? According to ancient Greek mythology, the nymph decided to calm the little crying Zeus with raspberries. However, trying to pick berries, she scratched her hands in the blood on the thorns of the plant. Since then, raspberries are red.
Storage and use of dried berries and leaves
Raspberries, which are well dried, should have a dense structure and burgundy color with a bluish tint. The cooled berries do not stick to each other and do not form lumps, but, on the contrary, separate well and leave no marks on hands and surfaces.
It is recommended to store dried raspberries in a dark, dry place with room temperature in sealed containers covered with clean and thick paper for no more than 2 years from the moment of complete drying. As containers, cans, paper or plastic bags are well suited: it is recommended to fill them only half.
Dried and shredded leaves and shoots (dark green), as well as pale flowers, are stored in cloth (preferably linen) bags or in cardboard boxes with paper at the bottom. Shelf life - up to 3 years, but the highest percentage of the content of useful elements is observed in the first 24 months.
Harvested for the future raspberry raw materials are used:
- in cooking - as tea leaves and supplements to vitamin teas, compotes, other drinks;
- in cosmetology - as an element of a mask or lotion;
- in traditional medicine - for decoctions and infusions for medicinal purposes.
Important! Neither leaves, nor flowers, nor raspberries should be collected during the period when pest plantings are handled next door. Otherwise, due to the use of such plant particles, you will receive a powerful intoxication of the body.
Raspberry is a strong allergen, therefore, the only clear contraindication to the use of dried berries, leaves and flowers of the crop is a tendency to allergic reactions in general, and specifically an allergy to raspberries.
- Limitations should be followed in the following cases:
- during periods of exacerbation of renal disease;
- during pregnancy and lactation.
Dry raspberries are also incompatible with medications against thrombophilia (increased blood coagulation).
Thus, dried raspberries, including leaves and flowers, bring extraordinary benefits to the body, in the absence of contraindications. Now you know how to dry the fruit, flower and green parts of the plant. Subject to all the conditions specified in the article, your body will receive a lot of healing substances from the use of tasty and fragrant preparations.