Kimberly Strawberry Variety Features
It is difficult to argue with the fact that strawberries are berries that can captivate with their taste and aromatic characteristics. It is used in its natural form, used to make stewed fruit, desserts, preserves, and it is worth paying tribute to that it occupies one of the leading positions among natural flavors added to sweet foods and drinks. Perhaps that is why breeders are working hard to develop new varieties that can produce juicy, tasty fruits in different climatic conditions. One of those is Kimberly Strawberry.
For the first time, Kimberly “saw the light” after experimental research and testing at the beginning of the XXI century. Dutch scientists managed to cross the famous varieties Chandler and Gorella, the brainchild of which became the new culture. She took from the "parents" all the best characteristics, which, in fact, was what the breeders sought - her cultivation gave a high positive result. With proper care from one plant, you can collect up to 2 kg of fruit!
The variety was introduced into eastern Europe in 2008, where it successfully passed certification and was entered on the registration record under the name Wima Kimberly, as a subspecies of garden strawberry.
Did you know? Most berries taken for strawberries are representatives of the genus Strawberries. In fact, real strawberries or meadow strawberries have rather small fruits with uneven coloring and are quite rare.
Description and characteristics of the variety
The cultivated Kimberly strawberry variety has much in common with the usual berries - red sweet juicy fruits that peek out from under the glossy foliage. However, the variety has its own characteristics that distinguish it from other plant species.
Kimberly Strawberry Appearance
Strawberry wild-strawberry Kimberly, as you can arbitrarily call it, is a culture with medium-sized, fairly powerful bushes. The peculiarity is that the foliage on them grows quite sparse, so nothing prevents good ventilation and lighting. This is one of the reasons why the culture is poorly susceptible to disease.
Strawberry leaves are quite large, have a concavity and a serrated edging, and are distinguished by a glossy finish. Like other varieties, the bushes have a mustache - they are thick, but not numerous, so they “take” less nutrients less, and it’s much easier to take care of strawberries.
Berries have a smooth surface and a conical shape in the shape of a heart. The pulp has no voids. The fruits are quite large - the average weight of the berry is 25 g, and the maximum weight of the fruit can reach 50 g. Moreover, each berry contains about 10% sugar. Depending on climatic conditions, the period of active fruiting begins in late spring and early summer.
Pollinators and productivity
The fruiting of strawberries increases over the years, but even in the first season after planting, up to 2 kg of fruits are removed from one bush. One of the factors affecting crop yields is timely pollination. On open ground, it occurs naturally - bees, bumblebees. If the plantation is large, you can install additional hives - one bee family pollinates plants growing on 0.1 hectares of land. If strawberries are cultivated in a greenhouse, hives are installed in it without fail.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- The most important advantage of strawberry Kimberly is that it is able to meet the requirements of a wide range of gardeners, thanks to such indicators as:
- unpretentiousness to special growing conditions, in particular, to drought.Adult plants are able to withstand the heat and recover due to the endurance of the rhizome;
- large-fruited juicy berries;
- quick adaptation to climate change;
- high degree of resistance to diseases and pests;
- transportability - the fruits retain their primary appearance for a long time;
- shape preservation during heat treatment.
Of course, each of these factors awakens the desire to grow a culture in its own area. But the disadvantages, although they are few, but still there. It is worth noting, first of all, the variety's exactingness to sunlight - in greenhouse conditions it is not possible to grow fruits of the proper taste. It is worth noting the fact that early fruits attract pests, which causes a lot of trouble to the gardener.
Did you know? Kimberly strawberries are rich in ascorbic and folic acids. Infusion of fruits has a diaphoretic, diuretic and antiseptic effect on the human body.
Features of cultivation and care
Despite the relative unpretentiousness, strawberries require compliance with certain rules of planting and care. If you decide to plant a variety on your site, you need to be responsive to the choice of material and place of planting.
Choosing a place and planting material
Seedlings can be planted on the site in spring and autumn. Experienced gardeners consider August to be the best time for planting - the bushes manage to take root before the winter and build up a powerful root system. If you decide to plant seedlings in the spring, then it is better to do this in May. Plants must be monitored throughout the summer - remove growing mustaches and buds that form.
When choosing planting material, you need to pay attention to its appearance, which, indirectly, indicates the potential development of strawberry culture. The best option is to purchase seedlings from familiar farmers or a trusted producer. But in this case, you need to pay attention to the condition of the bushes: the leaves should have a plain green color, without signs of rot and damage.
It is better to purchase seedlings in closed containers with earth. If it is a transparent plastic container - make sure that the roots completely fill the underground space. When buying material with a bare rhizome, the length of which should be at least 7 cm, make sure that it does not dry out before planting. It is recommended to place the bushes in a container of water.
Important! Existing spots or pallor of leaves often indicate that the plants are affected by a fungal infection, therefore, they not only cannot develop normally, but also infect their "neighbors" in the garden.
To form a strawberry ridge, you need to choose a sunny place, protected from possible gusts of wind. The soil should perfectly pass moisture, it is desirable that peat mix and sand be present in its composition. The site must be thoroughly cleaned of weeds and debris. For prevention, it is possible to disinfect the soil using an ammonia solution.
Adult Kimberly strawberry bushes have a sparse compact crown, therefore, when planting, you can adhere to the standard layout, as for ordinary garden strawberries, choosing one of two ways:
- in rows - the plants are placed in holes dug in a linear order, observing a gap between plants of 25 cm, and between rows of 40 cm. With this method, it is convenient to carry out maintenance work (weeding, irrigation, etc.);
- staggered - when planting, the bushes form a continuous carpet, and the distance between the seedlings should be at least 30 cm.
Planting young plants is necessary as follows.
- At the bottom of the prepared hole, it is advisable to pour a little humus and ash.
- When placing the bush, make sure that the rhizome is well spread, and the growth point (the junction of the rhizome with the stem) is at ground level.
- Immediately after planting, the bushes need to be moistened.
Watering and feeding
The most important are the next two weeks after planting - Strawberries need to be watered daily, making sure that the soil remains loose. To save moisture, mulching with straw and sawdust will help (before mulching, it is advisable to dry the material well so that potential pests die). Further, it is possible to alternate the moistening of the soil with settled water and sprinkling. When the bushes begin to actively bloom and form berries, watering is carried out exclusively under the root. One copy should take 5-6 liters of water.
Nitrogen fertilizers are needed during the adaptation and active growth of strawberries. A good “nutrition” is ammonium sulfate (15 g), diluted in 10 liters of water. Further, strawberries are fed 2-3 times a season with complex fertilizers containing phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium, chicken droppings and humus.
Important! With the appearance of ovaries on the strawberry, it is necessary to stop any dressing so that toxic substances do not accumulate in the ripening pulp of the fruit. Feeding can be resumed after harvesting.
In nature, snow cover becomes the best protection against cold for plants. However, in order to guarantee the preservation of strawberry bushes, it is better to resort to additional measures - provide additional shelter. The material used is spruce branches or agrofibre. The use of fallen leaves and straw is not recommended - they can become a haven for pests in the winter.
Before using covering material, it is recommended to build low supports on the beds so that there is space between the plants and the coating. You can install plastic bottles between the beds, on top of which to pull the canvas, and squeeze its sides along the perimeter, using stones, bricks. Previously, you can mulch the bushes with humus.
Pest and Disease Control
Although Kimberly's strawberries are remarkably resistant to ailments and pests, in rare cases they can suffer. The biggest problem is powdery mildew.. A plant affected by this disease cannot be treated - it must be dug up and destroyed.
Bushes can get brown spotting, which is easy to determine by the appearance of characteristic spots on the foliage. Effective means of control are chemical compounds - fungicides, for example, "Topaz" or "Quadrice".
Of the pests, the danger is a spider mite, weevil, nematodes. You can handle the planting with insecticides (Fitoverm, Inta-Vir, Actellik). Those who have already encountered a similar problem in practice know that garlic, which is planted between bushes and near the garden, will help protect strawberries from parasites.
Harvesting and storage
Kimberly strawberries produce one crop per year with early ripening in late May. The collection takes place over 15-20 days. The best fruiting of the variety is observed for 2-3 years of vegetation. Harvest in the early morning in dry weather. If you do not plan to enjoy berries in the coming days, it is better to collect the fruits in a slightly immature state and put them in a wooden (plastic) box.
Since the berries have a dense pulp without voids, they are well preserved and suitable for transportation. They are often grown for sale. If you pluck berries with part of the peduncle, they are better preserved. Strawberries do not lose their shape even when cooked - you can freeze it or make delicious jam for the winter with whole berries.
Kimberly Strawberry - delicious aromatic berry. The variety is endowed with the best characteristics, including high yield and unpretentiousness to growing conditions.