Description of Apricot Hybrids
If you cross an apricot with plum and add peach, you will get a far from simple combination of tastes and aromas of the original fruit. Otherwise, it would be much easier to cut a salad of them. The hybrid fruit, preserving partly the best gastronomic qualities of its parents, is still an original product with specific and often unique taste characteristics. Read more about the properties and features of fruit hybrids read further in the article.
Advantages and disadvantages of growing apricot hybrids
- In addition to specific tastes, apricot hybrids are positively characterized due to the following:
- high productivity;
- resistance to diseases and pests;
- good presentation;
- However, these plants are not without drawbacks:
- the impossibility of obtaining seed material;
- exactingness to soil fertility;
- the need for precise balancing of irrigation, which does not allow both drought and waterlogging;
- hypersensitivity to temperature fluctuations;
- higher cost of seedlings compared to conventional fruit varieties.
Did you know? Archaeologists claim that people actively used apricot for food as early as 6 thousand years ago.
An apple fruit has seeds inside, while a peach has a seed. Nevertheless, these fruits are perfectly crossed, as well as other fruit crops that do not look like each other.
This hybrid of apple and peach has a good yield, low maintenance and excellent gastronomic qualities.
Its fruits are characterized by:
- pink skin, smooth to gloss;
- easily creamy juicy pulp of light cream color;
- round or slightly elongated shape;
- fruit mass reaching 120 g;
- great sweetness.
A hybrid of plum and peach is a low tree with a rounded crown, consisting of long and pointed leaves at the ends.
Nectarine fruits have:
- twice the size of the peach;
- round shape;
- thin and smooth skin;
- hard flesh of medium juiciness and yellow color, distinguished by sourness in taste, transmitted from the plum;
- bone, easily separated from the pulp.
The hybrid of these fruits is represented by 3 subspecies:
All of these varieties are frost resistant. Trees grow to a height of 2.5 m, have a crown similar to plum, bloom with white flowers in early April and are characterized by productivity up to 50 kg from 1 tree.
With taste differences, the description of the fruits of different types of apricot plum has similarities in the following:
- large sizes, with a mass of 30 to 70 g;
- oval shape;
- wax coating on the skin - yellow, green-pink or purple color;
- density and juiciness of pulp.
Apricot hybrid Petrosyan
Representatives of the apricot hybrid Petrosyan are distinguished by an oval-shaped spreading crown.
The fruits are characterized by:
- mass reaching 45-50 g;
- orange-yellow with a blush skin;
- juiciness of flesh;
- taste harmony;
- a bone that separates well from the pulp.
This complex winter-hardy hybrid with such a somewhat strange name appeared as a result of crossing plums, apricots and peaches. Outwardly, it is a fruit, purple in color more reminiscent of a plum, but with larger sizes and with a more rounded bone.
The juicy flesh of a sharafuga, partly preserving the taste characteristics of plums, apricots and, to a lesser extent, peaches, demonstrates some taste and aromatic notes of tropical fruits.
Subspecies of New Apricot Hybrid Crops
The varieties of apricot hybrids discussed above with common parents in the form of apricot and plum have some differences depending on the percentage of the characteristics of these fruits in hybrid fruits. As with the plumcote, the hybridization method is important.
Did you know? All plums growing on the planet are cultivated plants, which for about 2 thousand years came from the crossing of thorns and cherry plums. Currently, both turn and cherry plum grow in the wild, but there is no wild plum.
This hybrid was bred in California through cross-pollination of apricot and already plum hybridized. The result is a tree that is characterized by yield and frost resistance of plums and gives fruits with high gastronomic qualities of apricot.
Their color varies from pink to dark purple.
The skin is also different: from pubescent to smooth. The color of the pulp is also varied, whose palette extends from white to purple and violet. Trees also in their appearance are more like either apricot or plum.
The taste of plumkot pulp is mostly sweet, often diluted with light plum sourness, and its strong aroma resembles the smells of tropical fruits. The fruits are suitable for fresh consumption, as well as raw materials for confectionery, compotes, jams, wine, pastille.
In our area, the following plumkot varieties are most in demand:
- Alex, whose fruits reach 15 cm in circumference;
- A crown with yellow velvety fruits;
- Hummingbird with violet-red fruits;
- Triumph, whose fruits ripening late, strongly resemble apricots.
This hybrid is obtained as a result of pollination of apricot and plum. It most often inherits 75% of plum traits and 25% of apricot traits. Pluot successfully combines the best plum qualities, expressed in juiciness, fiber, sweetness of pulp, and apricot properties in the form of taste originality and characteristic aroma.
The appearance of the fruits of the hybrid most resembles a large plum, and in the gastronomic qualities plum flavor and apricot aroma prevail. Pluot is used fresh and is very popular in the confectionery industry. Juice from it is especially popular.
In this hybrid, the ratio of the original fruit is opposite to the plut. Here, apricot accounts for 75%, and plum - 25%. Outwardly, the fruits of this hybrid are more reminiscent of apricot, although their skin, like that of plum, is smooth.
Their pulp is denser than apricots and less juicy. The flesh of Aprium is high in fructose. The fruits of this hybrid are also very readily consumed fresh and serve as raw materials for numerous products of the confectionery industry.
Features of planting and growing
Although various hybrids involving apricot have diverse properties, they have similar qualities, which are expressed in the uniformity of planting actions and measures for plant care. Experts recommend planting hybrid seedlings in early springso that they have the opportunity to strengthen their forces and adapt to new conditions during the spring and summer.
Autumn planting is allowed only in the southern regions with long and warm autumn. These trees prefer fertile, loose, neutral or alkaline soil in sunny and wind-protected areas.
Important! Since the root system of hybrids negatively perceives increased humidity, the groundwater under these trees should not rise above 1.5 m from the surface of the earth.
The process of planting seedlings of hybrids proceeds as follows:
- A week before planting, a pit 80 cm deep and the same width is dug.
- When digging a hole, the upper fertile soil layer is laid aside.
- Then it is mixed with 2 buckets of humus or compost, 40 g of potassium sulfate and 70 g of superphosphate.
- With excess soil acidity, it is deoxidized with 0.3 kg of lime per 1 m².
- At the bottom of the pit, a drainage layer is poured with a height of at least 10 cm from fine pebbles or expanded clay.
- A support with a height of at least 1.5 m is driven into the bottom of the pit.
- Before planting, the roots of the seedling are placed in water for several hours, in which a growth stimulator is useful to add a couple of hours before planting.
- After this, the roots of the seedling are carefully straightened and lowered into the depth of the pit.
- They are filled with a fertile mixture, which is rammed.
- Then the near-stem circle is abundantly watered and mulched with the help of sawdust, straw, chopped peat or dry humus.
- The seedling is tied to a support.
Productivity and fruiting
Each species and subspecies of hybrids is characterized by its specific productivity and fruiting period.. However, all of them have high yields, which are in the range of 30-50 kg per tree. The fruiting period begins, usually 2-3 years after the planting of seedlings in the ground.
Hybrid varieties are very demanding on the balance of watering. They are intolerant of drought, but the overmoistening of the root system is just as detrimental to them. Therefore, taking into account local climatic and weather conditions, it is necessary to develop a watering algorithm that would not allow a deficit of moisture in the soil and at the same time prevent its overmoistening.
In addition, each irrigation and each post-harvest period must be combined with loosening the soil. This operation prevents the formation of a crust on the ground, which interferes with the full supply of oxygen to the root system. The creation of optimal temperature and humidity conditions in the soil is facilitated by the mulching of the trunk circle using dry humus, sawdust or chopped peat.
Needs care and crown of hybrid trees. Formative and sanitary pruning consists in removing dried, diseased or damaged branches in the fall or early spring before the sap flow, as well as shortening the main branches and eliminating excess shoots that overly thicken the crown.
All types of hybrid trees, as already mentioned, are demanding on soil fertility and, accordingly, require regular fertilizing with fertilizers, which is carried out during the growing season as follows:
- In the spring, immediately after the snow melts, the soil is enriched with nitrogen fertilizers, stimulating the growth of green mass. Organic fertilizers are rich in nitrogen, as well as ammonium nitrate and urea, which are applied per 1 m² of 25 g each.
- After a flowering period the trees are fed in a foliar way, for which purpose, for example, the preparation “Kemira-universal” is used, used three times every 2 weeks.
In autumn, a near-stem circle is dug up with a parallel introduction of a pair of buckets of humus, compost or slurry into it.
Important! Being self-bred, hybrid trees do not require third-party pollinators.
Diseases and pests: control methods and prevention
Due to the genetic predisposition of hybrid fruit trees to diseases and pest attacks, they usually do not require active preventive measures. However, in case of violation of agricultural regulations or in adverse weather conditions, weakened hybrid trees can become ill or be attacked by pests.
Most often you have to deal with such ailments:
- Holey spotting, forming spots on the green mass and fruits, which then turn into through holes, which leads to the fall of leaves and fruits and the death of branches. As a fight against the disease, the affected areas are removed, and the whole tree is treated with a Bordeaux mixture.
- Coccomycosisforming reddish spots on the upper leaf surface, which are covered with a white coating on the reverse side, as a result of which the foliage falls off and the fruits dry out. To combat the disease, the tree is sprayed with the help of the drug "Hom" and Bordeaux fluid.
- Fruit tick, which causes massive browning of the leaves and lack of flowering. To prevent a pest attack, the tree should be freed from the old bark. And as a treatment, spraying with insecticides is used.
- Gardeners cultivating fruit hybrids, for the most part, respond positively to them, noting:
- pronounced winter hardiness;
- resistance to diseases and pests;
- high taste;
- fairly rapid entry into the fruiting period.
- Minor negative reviews are most often associated with:
- increased demands on hybrids for watering quality and fertilizing fertilizers;
- the high cost of seedlings;
- low tolerance to temperature fluctuations.
Apricot hybrids, thanks to their undoubted consumer advantages, are finding new followers. Frost resistance and resistance to diseases and pests, which act as a significant bonus to the outstanding gastronomic qualities of their fruits, help them significantly expand their growing area.