Features of growing strawberries Symphony
Strawberries - everyone’s favorite berry, the taste of which is usually enjoyed in early summer. There are varieties that bear fruit throughout the warm season. Therefore, the interest of summer residents in this culture will never disappear. What is remarkable for the strawberry variety Symphony, as well as how to care for it, will be described later.
Description and characteristics of strawberry varieties Symphony
This variety was obtained in Scotland in 1979, the parental varieties of which Holiday and Rhapsody are declared. The bushes are distinguished by long stems growing up to 40 cm and a powerful plexus of roots penetrating 25–35 cm deep into the soil.
Important! Productivity is directly proportional to the number of stalks and horns on the bush.
It is allowed to grow a variety not only in warm regions, but also in Siberia, in the Ural region, in the Central European part of the Russian Federation. Culture perfectly tolerates the cold. In warm regions, the berries ripen in late May, and in the Central zone of Russia - from mid-June and throughout July. The fruiting period is extended, so you can enjoy the fruits for two summer months.
On average, the productivity of strawberries Symphony is 0.7–2.0 kg per bush. Initially, in the first year, this parameter can be an order of magnitude lower. On the same territory, a variety can be grown for no more than five seasons, after which the berry should be updated.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- Summer residents and farmers love the Symphony variety for a reason. The following characteristics speak about its advantages:
- Great berries. Differ in ideal taste and aroma.
- Friendly ripening. Fruits are one-dimensional, even, colored uniformly.
- Excellent productivitythat allows you to grow a variety on an industrial scale.
- Good keeping quality. In addition to a long storage period, Strawberry Symphony is transportable.
- Unpretentiousness. Strawberries are cultivated in warm regions and in harsh climates.
- High immunity. The variety is resistant to verticillosis, gray rot and root spotting.
Did you know? Nutritionists say that every person should eat 10 kg of strawberries per season. The berry acts as an antioxidant and helps strengthen immunity. But children under three years old do not recommend consuming fragrant berries.
Some summer residents lack strawberries Symphony consider the inability to produce several berry crops in one season.
Strawberry Planting Requirements
Before you start planting the Symphony variety, you should familiarize yourself with some of the nuances, the compliance with which will further determine the growth and productivity of the crop.
About landing dates
Planting a hybrid Symphony is better in late summer or spring. In warm regions, autumn planting is allowed, but only in the first half of September.
Important! When planting in the fall, the crop is harvested as early as next season.
Preparing pits for seedlings
Strawberry land should be prepared in advance.First of all, beds should be organized in open places where there is enough sunlight. In this case, it is necessary to take care of protection from strong winds, which can ruin the landing.
Important! Site preparation is carried out 5-6 months before planting.
The soil composition for the Symphony variety is not important. But, nevertheless, strawberries will be more productive on chernozem or on a plot with forest land. Heavy clay soils inhibit the flowering of bushes. In the process of preparing the site for planting, the soil is dug up (on a bayonet shovel) and at the same time fertilizers are applied.
The following components will be valuable for strawberries (per 1 m²):
- compost or humus - 1 bucket;
- potassium sulfate - 25-30 g;
- superphosphate - 150 g.
In addition to soil, close attention should be paid to planting material. First of all, the seedlings should have a well-developed rhizome with a length of at least 8 cm. The shoots should be thick and short, have 3–7 true leaves.
In addition, signs of good seedlings are:
- lack of plaque or various damage;
- foliage should be smooth, without wrinkles;
- the rhizome should not have a dark color - this is the first sign of a disease of the root system.
How to plant
Too close bushes are not recommended - strawberries give new sprouts well. The gap between the holes should be at least 35 cm.
The depth is calculated based on the length of the rhizome - it should be located vertically in the fossa. The base, where the stem and leaves originate, must be left on the surface.
Seedlings are planted in dry or wet soil. In the first case, the seedlings are placed in a prepared hole, they are covered with a substrate and moistened. In the second case, the pit is immediately watered, the seedlings are lowered and then covered with earth.
Important! To make the bush take root faster preferably pinch the most powerful root process or remove excess foliage.
Strawberry Care Features
Care consists of a set of standard procedures: weeding, fertilizing and loosening the soil, watering, disease prevention. But still, some features are available.
The first feeding is done in the springafter harvesting old leaves. Nitroammophoska is suitable for strawberries (1 tbsp per bucket of water). Boric acid and potassium are used as foliar top dressing. They help to accelerate the growth of bushes.
During the formation of the ovaries, the plant needs potassium. During this period, the bushes are fed with potassium nitrate, fly ash or chicken droppings.At the end of the season, in August, strawberries are fed with urea previously diluted with water.
Due to lack of moisture, the roots dry out, and due to its excess, the plant becomes sick (root or gray rot occurs). Therefore, watering must be approached rationally.The moisture rate per square meter is 10 liters of water. The frequency of fluid administration is once every 10-14 days.
If the period was not rainy, the bushes are additionally irrigated - 2–4 waterings per week. After the procedure, the soil must be loosened for better oxygen access to the roots, after which the soil is covered with a layer of mulch. Water should not fall on the green mass. Therefore, for the variety Symphony, it is better to use drip irrigation.
Important! Compliance with the irrigation regime is especially important during the flowering and ripening of berries.
Despite the fact that the hybrid is resistant to many characteristic diseases of strawberries, some fungi can still attack the bushes. You can fight them.
But it is best to carry out preventive measures:
- Black rot. Causes darkening and death of the roots. Apply "Chorus" and "Fitodoktor".
- Powdery MildewAppears mainly on plants when grown in a greenhouse. They get rid of the disease through Fundazol and Switch.
- Withering. Fungicidal drugs help against it.
What you need to know about winter care
Despite the fact that the hybrid Symphony tolerates low temperatures well (up to -25 ° C), it is advisable to cover the beds for the winter.
As insulation use vegetable mulch (spruce branches, straw) or agrofibre, with a density of at least 60 g / m², stretched over arcs. Raspberry branches can be placed under the plant shelter to improve ventilation.
Did you know? Although strawberries are considered a sweet berry, there is a minimal amount of sugar in it. For example, in lemon, sugar is several times more.
Harvesting and storage
Remove the berries for 1-2 months. Even if the strawberries remain ripe in the garden for several days, there is nothing to worry about - their commercial qualities do not suffer. Harvest in wooden containers in one layer and place in a cool place. Good marketability and taste of the berries last 5-7 days.
As you can see, cultivating a delicious, juicy strawberry in your area is not only possible, but also not difficult. The main condition is to choose the right site and devote a little time to the aromatic culture.