Features planting and care for strawberries Kama
Strawberry Kama is popular in many countries of Eastern Europe. The variety has many advantages, in particular, taste. It is because of the taste that many farmers pay attention to the culture. However, before planting, it is necessary to study all the subtleties of growing a plant. Read about the characteristics of the variety, the rules for planting and caring for the bushes below in the article.
Botanical grade description
Bushes grow small in size. The starchiness of the stems is average. Leaves have a bright green color. Medium-sized leaf blades, pubescence present. Peduncles are under the leaves, which protects the ovaries from adverse weather conditions and heavy rainfall.
Berries classical for culture of a conical form. The approximate weight of one instance is 20–25 g. The peel of the fruit, when ripe, acquires a bright red color. Also, the peel is distinguished by shallow indented seeds. The flesh is juicy, soft.
Characteristics of berries and bush
Kama variety is a product of Polish selection. The variety is non-maintenance, the fruits are tied once in the growing season. Ripening dates are early, the first berries can be harvested at the end of May.
Taste qualities of fruits
Kama sweet strawberry to taste. Partly felt the taste of wild strawberries. There is also a fragrant aftertaste.
The plant successfully survives frosts down to –20 ° С. At lower temperatures, it is advisable to cover the bushes for the winter. The best shelter option for strawberries is agrofibre. Also, plantings can be mulled in late autumn. As a mulch, gardeners advise choosing sawdust, hay or dry leaves. Keep in mind that early frosts are dangerous for crops.Shelter is especially necessary in regions where frost returns in early spring.
Gardeners collect up to 1 kg of berries from one bush. For the first fruiting, the berries are always larger. Consequently, the first crop is slightly larger. In subsequent years, the fruits are smaller.
Did you know? Strawberries are a natural antidepressant. To combat apathy, it is enough to consume 100-200 g of berries per day.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The Kama strawberry variety has positive and negative sides.
- Among the benefits of culture:
- early ripening;
- good resistance to certain diseases;
- unpretentiousness in cultivation;
- the possibility of professional and amateur cultivation;
- keeping quality;
- universal application;
- high commercial quality.
- Agronomists distinguish several disadvantages of the variety:
- poor resistance to brown and white spotting, strawberry tick;
- instability to spring frosts.
Features of planting strawberries
The rules of planting a crop include choosing the timing and location, preparing the site and following clear technology directly during planting.
Optimum crop planting time - the beginning of spring. The air temperature at the time of landing should warm up to the level of +15 ... + 25 ° С. Landing is recommended for landing in late March - mid April. In the south and north, specific dates may vary depending on the climate.
Choosing a place to land
The variety is intended for greenhouse and open cultivation. In warmer regions and the middle lane, crops can be planted in the garden. In the north, it is advisable to pre-equip a greenhouse for planting. The easiest way to build film tunnels. For professional cultivation, it makes sense to put polycarbonate greenhouses with artificial ventilation.
The success of the growth of bushes and fruiting is affected by the planting site itself. It is recommended to plant bushes in open areas without a shadow.In greenhouses, in order to maintain the required level of light, it is advisable to use additional lighting.The optimal substrate for growing is slightly acidic or neutral.
Loosen the soil before planting. For best results, you can dig the earth to a depth of 20 cm. If the soil is highly acidic, apply lime when swelling or digging.. Additionally, the site can be disinfected. In order to disinfect, pour the substrate with a solution of potassium permanganate in a concentration of 1%.
Such treatment will destroy pathogens if they remain in the soil from past plantings. The greenhouse before planting seedlings is treated with a solution of potassium permanganate completely.
Important! Before planting, be sure to disinfect the planting material. For processing, seedlings are placed for 10 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
So that the root systems of different bushes receive a sufficient number of elements from the soil, it is necessary to adhere to the optimal planting scheme. Do not place seedlings too close or far from each other.
Landing is carried out according to the following technology:
- Mark the rows 0.7 m apart.
- In the rows, dig holes of 15 cm depth, maintaining a distance of 0.4-0.5 m between them.
- Pour 0.5 l of water into each hole.
- Place the seedlings in the wells.
- Fill the dimpled space so that the neck is at ground level.
After planting, water each bush. Moisten the soil under the stalk. Try not to touch leaves and shoots with water.
Subsequent seedling care
Mandatory planting care includes watering, top dressing, cultivation and weeding.
Watering intensity depends on the climate and the amount of rainfall in the season. Do not let the soil dry out into dust. Water stagnation in the soil is also impossible. Irrigate the bushes as needed.Highly regular watering is always indicated by a slightly damp substrate.
Water for irrigation must be warm. Moisten the plantings in the morning or in the evening, during the period when the sun does not intensely affect the plants. Experienced gardeners recommend collecting water in the morning and leaving it in an open container under the sun. So in the evening the water warms up and at the same time settles.
Important! To better maintain moisture in the soil, it is advisable to mulch the planting. Farmers use sawdust, hay, or dry leaves as mulch.
The fertilizer application frequency for Kama is standard. The feeding scheme is as follows:
- at the beginning of the growing season, nitrogen-based preparations;
- at the time of fruit formation, complex potassium-phosphorus top dressing;
- after harvesting - organic products.
The choice of product depends on the type of soil. Keep in mind that the culture accepts potash fertilizers well. Add more potassium to the soil than standard strawberry farming techniques indicate. Of the acceptable preparations are potassium sulfate, liquid manure, wood ash.
Loosening and weed removal
After each watering, the substrate must be loosened. If you do not loosen the soil, the wet layer will dry with a crust. The root system will receive less oxygen, due to which the bushes will grow more slowly. Also loosen the soil after rain. If drought occurs sharply after precipitation, without loosening the soil, the result will be no less harmful.
Weeds are removed as they appear. Plants pull out the elements necessary for strawberries from the soil, so they need to be removed from the aisles in a timely manner. In addition, the presence of weeds worsens the aesthetic appearance of the beds and complicates the harvest.It is convenient to remove weeds along with loosening. So weeds come out of the soil along with the root.
Diseases and Pests
The culture is resistant to many diseases. White and brown spotting are considered dangerous for strawberries. For the treatment and prevention of plants, fungicides must be used. In practice, the drug "Horus" showed itself well.
The tool is used three times during the growing season in different concentrations:
- before budding - 6 g per 10 l of water;
- when fruit set - 3 g per 10 l of water;
- 1-2 weeks before harvesting - 3 g per 10 liters of water.
Did you know? The three leaders in the industrial cultivation of strawberries are China, the USA and Mexico.
From pests bushes can affect a strawberry tick. The best cure for the parasite is the Actellic insecticide. For use, 10 ml of the drug is diluted in 10 l of water. 10 m² of plants are treated with 1.5 l of working solution. It is recommended to carry out 2 treatments with an interval of 14 days. The last spraying is carried out a maximum of 3 weeks before harvesting.
Harvesting and storage
Harvested as it ripens. Bushes actively and most productively bear fruit within a month. The ripe red color of the peel speaks of the ripeness of the fruit.
The variety is distinguished by keeping quality.However, it is better to consume or process the berries within 2-3 weeks. Kama strawberry application universal - fruits are eaten raw, added to desserts and pastries, boiled fruit compotes, jams and jams, frozen.
Kama can grow strawberries both for professional farmers and novice gardeners. This is an unpretentious culture that is easy to care for. In exchange, the owner of the site will receive sweet berries, which are difficult to find equal.